The Right Hon. The Earl of ROSEBERY, 5th Earl
The Durdans, Epsom, Dalmeny Park, Edinburgh; Mentmore,
(Archibald Philip PRIMROSE), K.G., K.T., P.C., J.P.
Leighton Buzzard; and 38, Berkeley Square, London, W.
Son of Lord Archibald Dalmeny, M.P.; born May 7th, 1847; succeeded his grandfather, the 4th Earl of Rosebery, in 1868; Lord Lieutenant of Linlithgowshire since 1873, and Midlothian since 1884; Hon. Colonel 8th Battalion Royal Scots since 1874; member of the Council on Education, Scotland, since 1881; Trustee of the Imperial Institute; Commissioner on Scottish Endowments, 1872; Rector of Aberdeen University, 1878-81; Edinburgh University, 1882-83; Under Secretary for Home Office, 1881-83; Lord Privy Seal, 1885; Chief Commissioner of Works 1885; Secretary of Foreign Affairs, 1886 and 1892-94; Chairman of London County Council, 1889-90, and 1892; Hon. Student of Christ Church, Oxford, 1894; Prime Minister and Lord President of Council 1894-95; Lord Rector of Glasgow University, 1899; author of "Sir Robert Peel", 1899; "Napoleon", 1900; and other works. Married, in 1878, Hannah, eldest daughter and heiress of Baron Meyer de Rothschild, of Mentmore, Berkshire; she died in 1900; heir: Lord Dalmeny. Clubs : Athenaeum, Brooks's and City Liberal.
A longer biography
The Right hon. The Earl of Rosebery and Midlothian.
K.C., P.C., L.L.D., F.R.S., F.B.A., F.S.A., J.P.
Among the list of Coronation Honours an Earldom of the United Kingdom by style and title of Earl of Midlothian was conferred upon Lord Rosebery, who has taken his seat in the House of Lords hitherto as Baron Rosebery, of Rosebery, Edinburgh, in the United Kingdom, for his title of Earl of Rosebery is Scottish only.
Sir Archibald Philip Primrose, the 5th Earl of Rosebery and 1st Earl of Midlothian ranks also as Viscount Rosebery and Viscount Inverkeithing, and Baron Primrose and Dalmeny in Scotland, the oldest of his titles being that of Baronet of Nova Scotia, which was bestowed in 1651 on his distinguished ancestor, that faithful royalist, Sir Archibald Primrose, Clerk to the Privy Council of Charles I., whose father, James Primrose, a noted lawyer, held the like office under James I., for upwards of forty years. And, after the Restoration, Sir Archibald was made a lord of the Session and given the honary title of Lord Carrington.
The family surname is taken from the lands of Primrose in Fifeshire, and the great-grandfather of Sir Archibald Primrose, the 1st Bt., Duncan Primrose, was seated at Culross in Perthshire in the reign of Queen Mary.
Born on May 7th, 1847, Lord Rosebery, to give him his more familiar title, is the elder son of Archibald, Lord Dalmeny, who died in 1851, by his wife, the Lady Catherine Lucy Wilhelmina, the only daughter of Philip Henry, 4th Earl Stanhope. Eton and Christ Church, Oxford, afforded his lordship his education, and in 1868, he succeeded his grandfather, Archibald John, 4th Earl of Rosebery.
His lordship has filled many high offices in the service of the State, including those of Under Secretary of the Home Department from 1881 to 1883, and and Lord Privy Seal and Chief Commissioner of Works in 1885. Ten years later saw him Prime Minister, First Lord of the Treasury and Lord President of the Council, having previously held office as Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs in 1886, and again from 1892 to 1894.
By his marriage on March 20th, 1878, with Hannah, the only daughter of the late Baron Mayer de Rothschild, of Mentmore, in Buckinghamshire, Lord Rosebery has with two daughters, two sons, the elder, his heir, Albert Edward Mayer Archibald, Lord Dalmeny, sat for Edinburghshire in Parliament from 1906 to 1910, and married Dorothy Alice Margaret Augusta, the daughter of Lord Henry George Grosvenor.
The second son, the Hon. Neil Primrose
has also adopted a political career, and sits as Liberal Member for Wisbech.
The death of Lady Rosebery occurred in 1890.
His lordship's town residence is 38, Berkeley Square, W., The Durdans, near Epsom, and Dalmeny Park near Edinburgh are others of his well-known seats, in addition to Mentmore.