ARCHITECTURAL/BUILDING TERMINOLOGY

Canted bays

Bay windows with a flat front and angled sides (i.e. not curved).

canted bay windows
Examples of canted bay windows.

Gauged brickwork

Brickwork refined or shaped by a craftsman.

gauged brickwork
Examples of gauged brickwork.

Hipped roof

A roof where all sides slope down to the walls.

hipped roof
Example of a hipped roof with weatherboarding.

Jettied

Where an upper floor projects or juts out beyond the floor below.

jettied buildings
Example of jettied buildings.

Mansard roof

A roof which slopes in two stages, with the lower slope angled more steeply than the upper slope. Typically such a roof would house an attic space.

Mansard roof
Example of a Mansard roof.

Mathematical tiles

These were used to face timber buildings in the 18th and early 19th centuries. The idea was that they resembled brickwork but were cheaper. They came in several colours, such as black, cream, terracotta, blue, maroon and actual brick colour.

black mathematical tiling
Example of black mathematical tiling.

Pediment

Decorative gable, often supported by columns, over a door or window.

Example of a pediment over windows.
Example of a pediment over windows.

Pilasters

A pilaster is an often ornate column built into the face of a wall: i.e. it is not free-standing.

Example of pilasters.
Example of pilasters.

Roughcast

Pebbledash.

HV Usill
HV Usill
Jimmy Page
Jimmy Page
Page Family
Page Family
TH Snow
TH Snow
JA Larby
JA Larby
J Harrison
J Harrison
Foundlings
Foundlings
Nonsuch Mansion
Nonsuch Mansion
New Stables
New Stables