Epsom Manor and the Mawbey Family
1770 - 1870 - absentee landlords


For a description of Epsom, Ewell and Cuddington Manors, as described in the Victoria History of the Counties of England: The County of Surrey (Vol. 3), please see our Manors page.

Arms of Sir Joseph Mawbey
Arms of Sir Joseph Mawbey, first baronet

Genealogy of the Mawbeys

An extended family tree as narrated by John Burke & Sir Bernard Burke has been appended.

Introduction

In Some particulars relating to the history of Epsom, 1825, Henry Pownall recorded: -
"Mrs. Ricarda Parkhurst died in 1770, and in September following the manor was sold by auction, and bought by Sir Joseph Mawbey, Bart, for £7,140.

Sir Joseph Mawbey was high sheriff for the county of Surrey in 1757, created a baronet on the 30th July 1765, and elected member of parliament for the borough of Southwark in 1761, and again in 1768. Being desirous of representing the county in parliament, he declared himself a candidate at the general election in 1774; but was not elected.

He gave an account in the Gentleman's Magazine for 1788, of the cause of his want of success on that occasion, which, he says, was owing to his being attended to Epsom by a numerous body of friends, a band of music, and marrow-bones and cleavers*. This occasioned a great waste of time on the road; and when they arrived near Epsom and every thing was to be marshalled in order to their entrance into the town, it was found that the marrow-bones and, cleavers were in a cart in the rear, and the performers behind or in different carriages. The collection of these musical instruments and of the performers took up much time, and gave an opportunity to those gentlemen who were at Epsom and disposed to become candidates, to form a coalition in support of Sir Francis Vincent and likewise of James Scawen, Esq., whose family had sometimes represented the county.

Sir Francis Vincent had a decided support, polling 2,018; Mr. Scawen, 1,657; and Sir Joseph Mawbey, 1,388. Sir Francis Vincent died the next year, when Sir Joseph again started, being opposed by Mr. Norton, son of Sir Fletcher Norton, and speaker of the House of Commons; and Sir Francis Vincent, son of the late member. The votes in favour of the latter fell very far short of those given in support of his father; but the contest between Sir Joseph and Mr. Norton was severe, Sir Joseph polling 1,385 and Mr. Norton 1,285 Sir Joseph Mawbey died 16th of June 1798, and was succeeded by his only son Joseph, upon whose death the manor became the property of the present owner John Ivatt Briscoe, Esq., in right of Anna Maria his wife, and sole heiress of the last Sir Joseph Mawbey, at whose death the title became extinct."
[* A kind of crude musical instrument made by butchers: hollow marrow-bones from beef were cut to different lengths to produce sounds of different pitch when struck with a cleaver - sometimes compared to cacophonous hand-bell ringing.]

Sir Joseph Mawbey, Bart. (1730 - 1798)

Sir Joseph Mawbey, Bart. (1730 - 1798)
Sir Joseph Mawbey, Bart. (1730 - 1798)

Biographical details appear in the Appendix and at: - www.historyofparliamentonline.org

Joseph Mawbey, the elder, had purchased the manor of Botleys in Chertsey from Mrs Pleasance Hall in 1763.

His wife, Elizabeth nee Pratt, expired 19 August 1790, for the inscription as noted by Burke in the Appendix to appear on the following image.

Memorial to Dame Elizabeth Mawbey
Memorial to Dame Elizabeth Mawbey in St Peter's, Chertsey
Image courtesy of Brian Bouchard © 2013

As mentioned by Henry Pownall, he survived until 1798 also to be buried in the chancel of St Peter's Church, Chertsey. Will dated11 October 1792, proved 10 July 1798 - PROB 11/1310/57.

Memorial tablet for Sir Joseph Mawbey, the elder, 1st Baronet, in St Peter's, Chertsey.
Memorial tablet for Sir Joseph Mawbey, the elder, 1st Baronet, in St Peter's, Chertsey.
Image courtesy of Brian Bouchard © 2013

Memorial tablet for Sir Joseph Mawbey, the elder, 1st Baronet, in St Peter's, Chertsey.

Sir Joseph Mawbey, the younger, 2nd baronet (1773 - 1817)

In some sources the son is named 'John' but he was certainly baptised 'Joseph' on 22 July 1773 at Lambeth. A poem, conceivably penned by a proud father, appeared in The Morning Chronicle and London Advertiser published 28 June 1773: -

"If sacred worth demands Britannia's care,
Britons rejoice, your Mawbey has an heir!
An heir, who claims the friendly tribute due
From every grateful soul - at least, from you.
He comes to glory in a patriot's name,
To rise a Phoenix from a patriot's flame;
To guard his country, to defend her laws,
And plead for ev'ry man distrest, a cause.-
May Jove befriend him with a god-like heart,
May Pallas shield him with her heav'nly art;
May Love's soft Monarch lend him power to please;
May gentle Hebe crown with youth his days;
May sweet contentment on his slumbers wait;
And, above all - may Virtue make him great!
June 25, 1773."

This younger Joseph married Charlotte Caroline Maria Henchman, daughter of Thomas Henchman, New Burlington Street, on 9 August 1796.

Contrary to Burke's assertion that their union produced no male issue, they had a son, also named Joseph, but he died in infancy as may be seen from the following image.

In contrast with his father's career, the second baronet did not enter Parliament but appears to have led an unremarkable life as a county gentleman.

On the younger Sir Joseph's death, 27 August 1817, 'in consequence of a fall from his horse', a report appeared in The Annual Biography and Obituary for the year 1817: -

The Annual Biography and Obituary for the year 1817
The Annual Biography and Obituary for the year 1817

His Will was proved 8 July 1818 - PROB 11/1606/275.

The immediate heiress, not mentioned by Henry Pownall, was an elder daughter Emily considered below.

His relict lived on until 1832 - Will of Dame Charlotte Caroline Mawbey, widow of Southampton, proved 22 February 1833 - PROB 11/1812/40.

Memorial tablet in St Peter's Chertsey to Sir Joseph Mawbey, 2nd baronet
Memorial tablet in St Peter's Chertsey to Sir Joseph Mawbey, 2nd baronet,
Dame Charlotte Caroline Maria Mawbey, his relict, and their infant son, Joseph.
Image courtesy of Brian Bouchard © 2013

Emily Mawbey, spinster, (1799 - 1819)

Having inherited Epsom Manor from her father, 27 August 1817, Emily died less than two years later, whilst still a minor (born 27 January 1799) and unmarried, on 24 March 1819.

John Flaxman, the sculptor, drew upon a model he had exhibited at the Royal Academy in 1797 of Christ raising the daughter of Jairus from the dead to create a memorial tablet to Emily. Pevsner describes the bas relief as '...rather worse than other Grecian tablets. A sentimental group of Christ raising her from a couch. Her parents on the left, Christ's disciples on the right'. One cannot say whether the figures represent true likenesses of her mother or of the father who pre-deceased Emily.

Memorial tablet by John Flaxman to Emily Mawbey
Memorial tablet by John Flaxman to Emily Mawbey - St Peter's, Chertsey
Image courtesy of Brian Bouchard © 2013

Anna Maria Mawbey / Briscoe (c 1801 - 1871) and John Ivatt Briscoe (1791 - 1870)

On her elder sister Emily's death, Anna Maria the only surviving child of Sir Joseph Mawbey became 'tenant in tail' of the estates - in effect, eventually his residual heiress.

George Eyre, of Warrens, near Bramshaw, Wilts., was a trustee of the marriage settlement of John Ivatt Briscoe and Anna Maria Mawbey, dated 24/09/1819. His parents were Charles Eyre and Hannah nee Briscoe. The marriage of Anna Maria was celebrated on 25 September 1819 at St James's Westminster but she did not attain the age of 21 until 25 March 1822.

John Briscoe, father of John Ivatt, was a Jeweller and Goldsmith - www.britishmuseum.org. The family lived at Cross Deep House, Twickenham described with images at www.twickenham-museum.org.uk. Biographical details for J I Bricoe may be found at: - www.historyofparliamentonline.org.
In A topographical history of Surrey, by E.W. Brayley, 1841, we are told: -
"The Botley estate (described as consisting of 575 acres, including the Fox Hills and Coney Burrow- hill,) was sold by auction, by order of the trustees, in July, 1822... Nearly adjoining to Botleys, on the west, are the Fox Hills, now an extensive demesne belonging to John Ivatt Briscoe, esq., who married the only surviving daughter of the second and last Sir Joseph Mawbey. On one of these eminences Mr. Briscoe has erected a magnificent house in the Elizabethan style of architecture, from the designs of Mr. George Basevi, jun., of London; under whose superintendence the work was executed. It is one of the best mansions that has been built in Surrey during the last forty or fifty years; and is fitted up with great taste and elegance. Over the principal entrance is the sentence, Peace be to this house, cut into the stone, in old English characters. The whole is constructed of Bath stone and Suffolk bricks. But little has yet been done to improve the grounds, which comprise a variety of pleasing and extensive views."
John Ivatt Briscoe became Lord of Epsom manor in right of his wife, and assumed title to the real estate which was the property of a married woman.

Briscoe (born 12 October, baptised 16 November 1791 at Twickenham) died 16 August 1870, aged 78, - Obituary in The Times, 19 August 1870. He left a Will dated 4 August 1870 which was proved 27 September 1870 - particulars reported in The Times, 8 October 1870.

Epsom Manor was bequeathed to Henry Blackburn, of Doctors Commons and The Hollands, Tunbridge Wells, Kent. Frances Eliza Eyre, daughter of George Eyre (b. 28 January 1772 d. 18 January 1837) mentioned, earlier married Henry Blackman in August 1849 [reg New Forest 9/1849]. She would have been John Ivatt Briscoe's second cousin.

The death of Anna Maria Briscoe, aged 69, was registered at Chertsey for the March Quarter 1871: she appears to have been interred at Wimbledon, 6 January 1871, presumably joining her late husband and his parents in St Mary's churchyard.



Brian Bouchard
March 2013
With thanks to Jackie Loveridge, Administrator, St. Peter's Shared Church,
Chertsey, for facilitating access to the Mawbey memorial tablets.


Appendix

A Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Extinct and Dormant Baronetcies by John Burke & Sir Bernard Burke, 1841, : -

A Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Extinct and Dormant Baronetcies
A Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Extinct and Dormant Baronetcies
Click image to enlarge



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