The Stone House Estate


later divided into Althorp Lodge, Middle House, Bow House
and Woodcote Lodge Woodcote Green, Epsom

Woodcote Lodge/York House
Woodcote Lodge/York House
Photographed by LR James in 1969

Catalogued by the Surrey History Centre under reference BG3/30/7 is an 'Abstract of title of Frederick, Lord Baltimore to a messuage called the Stone House with garden, and 4 fields or closes (22 acres) adjoining, called the Upper and Lower Blakes at Woodcote, Epsom'. This is a document extending over several pages detailing the descent of Horton Manor from Mrs Elizabeth Evelyn, nee Mynne, (as outlined in an article about Woodcote Park) to Frederick Calvert.

The manorial estate included a 'close' comprising fields called Lower and Upper Blakes, each extending to 15 acres, on which The Stone House was erected before 1765. It has been remarked that the property was partly faced with stone, which could have been salvaged from Nonsuch Palace, to account for its name. Certainly Charles Calvert, 5th Lord Baltimore, engaged John Vardy to design a stone-fronted Palladian range across the east front of Woodcote Park shortly before his death in 1751. It seems, however, that Charles' son, Frederick, commissioned a building opposite the pond on Woodcote Green which is the subject of this article. On 15 May 1765, having previously been let to 'John Clerke, Dr in Physick' at a yearly rent of £50, the property was sold to John Lewis Jaquet of Epsom, Gentleman, for £270.

John Clerke (1717 - 1790), tenant

According to The roll of the Royal College of Physicians, published 1861, -
"JOHN CLERKE, M.D. was educated at Peterhouse, Cambridge, of which he was a fellow. He proceeded A.B. 1738; A.M. 1742; M.D. 1753; was admitted a Candidate of the College of Physicians 30th September, 1755; and a Fellow 30th September, 1756. He was Censor in 1758. Dr. Clerke settled at Epsom in 1763, and died about the year 1791, in which year his name disappears from the College list."
His death is recorded as having taken place on 14 December 1790 at Epsom, 'one of the oldest members of the college of physicians'.

Thomas Gray, poet who was author of the famous Elegy and an early college friend of John Clerke, produced the epitaph for the latter's wife, Mrs Jane Clerke. She had died 27 April 1757, aged 31 possibly in childbirth, and was buried at Beckenham, Kent. Engraved on a mural tablet of slate and marble at the west end of the north aisle in the Church appears:-

Lo ! where this silent marble weeps,
A friend, a wife, a mother sleeps:
A heart, within whose sacred cell
The peaceful virtues loved to dwell.
Affection warm, and faith sincere,
And soft humanity were there.
In agony, in death resign'd,
She felt the wound she left behind,
Her infant image here below,
Sits smiling on a father's woe:
Whom what awaits,
While yet he strays
Along the lonely vale of days?
A pang, to secret sorrow dear;
A sigh; an unavailing tear;
Till time shall every grief remove,
With life, with memory, and with love.

John Clerke was the son of Rev. Thomas Clerke, Rector of Beckenham from 5 November 1711 until his death, 26 June 1765 and both are likely to have been interred there although no record of burial survives.

Evidently, Dr Clerke had remained in occupation of part of The Stone House estate (possibly that later described as 'Woodcote Lodge') until his demise. The Companion from London to Brighthelmston, published in 1792, includes under a 'Description of Woodcote Green: -
"On the right is a genteel lodging house, belonging to Mr Jackett (sic). The next and last house on the same, is a neat building, part brick and part stone, agreeably situated near the middle of the green on the north side, in the possession of John Clark, MD."

John Lewis Jaquet, [1] (c1731 - 1803), owner

A Jean Louis Jacquet married Mary Matthews at St James, Westminster, on 6 November 1752. It may be inferred that they were the parents [recorded as (Jno.) Lewis & Mary] of the Jacquate or Jackate children christened at St Martin's church from 1754 to 1766, also Jaquet offspring of John Lewis and Mary in 1770 & 1772.

Two of this brood were John Lewis Jaquet baptised 25 November 1763 and Robert Jaquet baptised 10 January 1770.

On 18 July 1800 John Lewis Jaquet sold to his son Robert of Bedford Square [SHC BG3/30/14] : -
"Two messuages or tenements with coach-houses, stables and other outhouses and gardens ...in the tenure of John Lewis Jaquet ... a cottage in the occupation of widow Steer & another formerly occupied by Richard Chilman, then empty... on Woodcote Green"
John Lewis Jaquet [1] died and was interred at St Martin's on 17 September 1803. [Will of John Lewis Jaquet, Gentleman of Epsom proved 20 September 1803 - PROB 11/1411]

Robert Jaquet (1770 - 1831), owner

Apparently, Robert Jaquet had acquired 'messuages or tenements, cottages, lands and hereditaments with appurtenances, household furniture, china, glass, copper, pewter & fixtures then being in or belonging to the said hereditaments and premises' in consideration of the payment of £350 and a life annuity of £32.10.0 to John Lewis (1) Jaquet. [SHC BG3/30/17-18]

The real estate comprised:-
"Two messuages or tenements of John Lewis Jaquet usually let as lodging houses together with coach-houses, stables and other outhouses, and yards, gardens & appurtenances also meadow or pasture adjoining, abutting garden."
Additionally there was a cottage, formerly two cottages, in which John Lewis Jaquet resided with a small piece of ground adjoining which was to be retained as the father's residence for the rest of his life.

On 25 March 1806, following his father's demise, Robert Jaquet, of St James's Street, Middlesex, gentleman, agreed to sell the two cottages to Henry Downton for £775 in fee simple. [SHC BG3/30/15] The latter already held a furnished tenancy of one rented for £20 p.a. whilst the other had been let furnished to Mrs Phoebe Sawyer at £73.10.0 a year. Henry Downton, 'who formerly lived in the service of the Earl of Harewood, and afterwards resided at Epsom, in the County of Surrey', died by 1814 [Will of Henry Downton, Gentleman of Saint George Hanover Square, Middlesex, proved 29 March 1814. PROB 11/1553] The Downton premises eventually became Woodcote Lodge which will receive further consideration later in this piece#.

The main house, occupied by Miss Sarah Shubrick had been retained but, on 1 July 1808, Robert Jaquet, then of Abridge, Lambourne, Essex, agreed to sell 'two messuages or tenements, normally and now let as lodging houses' etc, purchased from his late father, to his brother John Lewis (2) Jaquet for £900.[SHC BG3/30/17-18]

Robert Jaquet seems to have married Sarah Springford at St George, Hanover Square. In 1810, he was the Overseer for the parish of Lambourne in Essex and died there - Will of Robert Jaquet, Farmer of Lambourne, Essex, proved 15 April 1831 [PROB 11/1784].

John Lewis (2) Jaquet (1763 - 1843), owner

Churchwarden, St Martin of Tours, Epsom. 1805

In 1814, J L Jaquet, Post Office, Epsom advertised the 'Grape Inn, Esher, Surrey, to be let with immediate possession'.

Henry Pownall, writing Some particulars relating to the history of Epsom, 1825, tells us: - 'There are several lodging houses, the property of Mr. Jaquet, pleasantly situated on Woodcote Green...' This remark appears to relate to a complex of buildings on plots numbered 1118 - 1120 for the 1843 Tithe Award - Owner Lewis Jaquet, Occupiers George Barclay Perks & others.
Extract From 1843 Tithe Map - Click to enlarge
Extract From 1843 Tithe Map - Click to enlarge

In The Times of 26 September 1822 appeared an advertisement: -
'A most desirable situation for the Hunting Season, to be let on 29th inst, a house with every convenience for a family, completely furnished, with stable coach-house, excellent gardens and water, situated near Epsom. For particulars apply to J L Jaquet, Epsom'
The death of this John Lewis Jaquet was registered at Epsom 3/1843

Robert John Philip Jaquet, (1799 - 1867), owner

Robert John Philip Jaquet, son of John Lewis & Martha Ann was baptised at St Martin's on 13 June 1802 but having been born 23 January 1799.

He married Mary Ann Johnson at St Mary's, Lambeth, 9 May 1827. In that year, Robert had been the Executor of George Johnson and subsequently became keeper of Johnson's Tavern, 21 Clare Court, Drury Lane, Covent Garden, also Churchwarden of St Clement Dane's -
"At the corner of Clare Court, in this street, was for many years established Jaquet's (late Johnson's) a la mode Beef House. Here the affairs of the parish used to be discussed, and occasionally a little scandal, to enliven the scene".
Charles Dickens, the author, writing about his early life, reported:-
"Once, I remember tucking my own bread (which I had brought from home in the morning) under my arm, wrapped up in a piece of paper like a book, and going into the best dining-room in Johnson's a la mode beef-house in Clare Court, Drury Lane, and magnificently ordering a small plate of a la mode beef to eat with it. What the waiter thought of such a strange little apparition, coming in all alone, I don't know; but I can see him now, staring at me as I ate my dinner, and bringing up the other waiter to look. I gave him a halfpenny, and I wish, now, that he hadn't taken it..."
This event took place about 1824 and was an experience later attributed to the fictional David Copperfield.

A partnership between Johnson and Jaquet was dissolved in 1835.

Robert Jaquet was party to a protracted correspondence in The Times with Alexis Soyer, chief cook of the Reform Club, over the use of soup kitchens in the Great Irish Famine of 1847: -
"His brother 'artiste', M. Jaquet, of Johnson's tavern, Clare Court, rejoins that he never questioned M. Soyer's ability to make a palatable and pleasing soup with little or no meat, but that he himself had not acquired the valuable art of making nutritious and useful soup without meat, and that he would not like to make the experiment of doing so, 'for the use of the destitute poor'. He expressed the hope that recipe No. 1 might be analysed, and if it had all things necessary for nourishment, he, of course, was silenced."
The Cottage on Stone House estate, Woodcote Green, later called Althorp Lodge had been rented to George Simpson, racehorse trainer, from around 1864.

On 1 May 1865, Mr Jaquet gave evidence before the Select Committee on Open Spaces concerning the possible enclosure of Woodcote Green. Having been asked whether he was a resident of Epsom, he replied 'I may say I have been there all my life, but I had a business in town, and I used to come up and down'. Membership of the local Board of Health was also mentioned.

A local Street Directory reveals that R J L P Jaquet had retired to Ivy Cottage, South Street, Epsom, before 1867. The death of his spouse had been announced in The Times, 13 September 1866: -
'On 11 inst, at Ivy Cottage, Epsom, after a long trying illness borne with great submission, Mary Ann wife of R J P Jaquet, upwards of 40 years resident of St Clement Danes, Strand.' His demise followed, on 31 August 1867, 'of Ivy Cottage, suddenly in his 68th year'.
Tomb 435 in St Martin's churchyard is inscribed: -

ROBERT JOHN PHILIP JAQUET Born Jan. 23 1799 Died Aug. 31 1867
Also
MARY ANN his Wife Born Dec. 23 1806 Died Sept. 11 1866.
This Stone is placed in affectionate remembrance by their surviving children

Stone House on the 1866 OS Map
Stone House on the 1866 OS Map

John Lewis (3) Jaquet, (1828 - 1881), owner /life tenant

John Lewis Jaquet, son of Robert John Philip Jaquet and his wife Mary Ann was christened at St Martin's on 11 June 1828, having been born the previous 9 May in the parish of St Clement Danes. His marriage to Rosanna Keturah White, 16 February 1854, was registered at Westminster 3/1854.

In 1860, they lived at 38 Vauxhall Bridge Road.

As one of the three, out of seven, siblings to survive his father, he proved R J P Jaquet's will as sole Executor.

He promoted an invention consisting, essentially, of constructing heels for boots and shoes in metal, but the Patent was abandoned 25 February 1868.

A 21 year lease was granted by him of one of the messuages, with stables and other outbuildings, at Epsom to Jules Moyse on 1 November 1875 [SHC BG3/30/23]. This would have been Middle House to which John Hutton succeeded Moyse about 1877.

Another to Charles Arthur Godfrey, wine merchant, of 'a parcel of land, messuage or tenement, with bay window, thereon erected at Woodcote Green, with stables, outbuildings, yard, garden and appurtenances' was agreed on 29 May 1878. These premises became known as Bow House.

In the 1881 census John Lewis (3) Jaquet may be found with his family at 27 Vincent Square, London - an Architectural Sculptor. His death is reported to have occurred on 3 September 1881 in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

The residences on Woodcote Green remaining in J L Jaquet's hands were occupied in 1881 respectively by George Simpson, trainer of racehorses, John Hutton, retired granite quarry proprietor, and Chas. A Godfrey, wine merchant, - the last named tenant having taken as lease in 1878 as mentioned above. Edward Power succeeeded Godfrey in Bow House by 1882 as shown by the following Sales Particulars.

Following John Lewis (3) Jaquet's demise the properties in Epsom were disposed of at auction, 'by order of the beneficiaries under the will of the late R J P Jaquet Esq., of Epsom, deceased'.

Sales particulars A - Click image to enlarge Sales particulars C - Click image to enlarge Sales particulars D - Click image to enlarge
Sales Plan - Click image to enlarge
Sales particulars for "Two family residences and two smaller houses, known as 'Bow House' and 'Middle House', and the cottage adjoining" in Woodcote Green, and for 'Ivy Cottage' in South Street, 1882.
Image courtesy of Bourne Hall Museum

The 1891 Census reveals that Bow House was then occupied by Mrs Emily Payne, a widow, and her son Frank. The latter married Lilian Mary Ratcliff and two daughters were born there in 1892 & 1896. The second, Norah Lucy, died aged only two years and was interred in Epsom Cemetery on 21 January 1899.

In Middle House may be found Capt. Robert Elton Grey, 3rd Hussars (Retd.) with his wife, Mildred Clare nee Dickinson, and a daughter, born in Epsom 2 January 1890, Monica Elton Grey.

A Local Government Report for 1900 mentions that Epsom Board of Guardians had laid out £2850 for the 'purchase of premises and land belonging thereto being Middle House, Althorp Lodge and Bow House at Woodcote, Epsom'. A further £500 was provided to alter, repair and furnish the premises known as Bow House. Consequently, in the 1900 Rate Book, the Guardians owned and occupied the Workhouse together with Bow House and land. Their tenant in Althorp Lodge, house stable and yard, was Charles Arnett and at Middle House, house and garden, Edwin (sic) Henry Hart.

For the 1901 Census, Edward H Hart, Solicitor's managing clerk, was enumerated with his family at Middle House and Charles Arnett, [Racehorse] trainer in Althorp Lodge.

Subsequently, Bow House seems to have been combined with Middle House as the administration block for the Workhouse and one loses sight of Althorp Lodge. Middle House later became accommodation for nurses at Epsom General Hospital. Apparently the buildings were demolished and Rowan House stands on the site.

Woodcote Lodge

Henry Pownall, writing in 1825, mentions that:- "On the opposite side of the Green [to Woodcote House] is the residence of Richard Harvey, Esq., an elegant residence replete with comfort." Mr Harvey died on 17 August 1836 [Will proved 1 October 1836 PROB 11/1868]. He left his Messuage and 10 acres at Epsom, with fixtures and brewing utensils for sale and proceeds to be applied as residuary estate. The beneficiaries were three brothers and three sisters, including Alice and Mary Harvey, spinsters, of Woodcote Green. The latter appear to have remained in occupation of the premises [Plot 1117 on the 1843 Tithe map above] until after Alice Harvey's death in 1854 [Will proved 10 May 1854 PROB 11/2191].

T E Case Walker and his wife Bessie were enumerated here in 1881 - a racehorse owner, he has been described as 'turf patron'. In the Sale Particulars from 1882 reproduced above, under 'Remarks', Case Walker Esq. is mentioned as a neighbour occupying a 'residence of distinction' called Stonehouse. In the will of Thomas Edward Walker, formerly Thomas Edward Case, who died 'very suddenly', on 24 November 1882 [reg. Epsom 12/1882 as Thomas Edward C Walker aged 34], however, his home is named Woodcote Lodge. A leasehold interest in this real estate was left to his wife with other effects. Mrs Bessie Case, relict of T E Case, formerly Royal Horse Guards, married again, on 20 July 1897, Lionel de Pinto.

Edward Ryde, Surveyor from Woking, undertook a valuation of Woodcote Lodge, Epsom, on 9 June 1884 [SHCOL_1262]. By 17 September 1884 the property had been taken over by Thomas Townsend Bucknill.

A son of William and Elizabeth Fanny Emily Holt was baptised at Christchurch on 4 February 1891 whilst his father was a trainer at Woodcote Lodge.

For the 1891 Census, however, Dyson Watson, Shipowner, was enumerated there with his family.

The marriage of Ethel Annie Rumford, daughter of Joseph Kennerley Rumford. Gentleman, from Woodcote Lodge, Epsom, was recorded at Christchurch, 17 June 1896. On 1 February 1897, Joseph Kennerley Rumford of Woodcote Lodge, Epsom, gentleman with no occupation, died at Cliff House, Bournemouth, Hants., aged 54, intestate. His remains had been brought for burial in Epsom Cemetery on 5 February 1897. Letters of administration were granted to his widow, Annie.

Bessie Case de Pinto, wife of Lionel, died on 17 February 1900. Consequently, the 1900 Epsom Rate Book shows:- Woodcote Lodge, racing stables, meadow & paddock occupied by Annie K Rumford but owned by 'Miss Depinto'. Mrs Annie K Rumford's son, (Robert Henry) Kennerley Rumford married Miss Clara Butt, the well known contralto, 26 June 1900.
Henry Nicholas Grenside, Solicitor, of 3a Deans Yard, died at Woodcote Lodge, Epsom, 7 December 1908 aged 57 (Probate 11 January 1909 - Effects £153235) [Reg. Epsom 12/1908].

Rt. Hon. Sir Thomas Townsend Bucknill, JP, returned to Woodcote Lodge before his death, aged 70, and interment at Epsom Cemetery on 7 October 1915. Some sources had suggested his demise was at Hylands House. Miss J B Bucknill, Artist, had the Woodcote Green address in 1916.

A 1918 Street Directory next listed Sir Marshall Frederick Reid (knighted 1916) at Woodcote Lodge. He died there, 20 March 1925, aged 60, and was buried at Epsom Cemetery on 23 March 1925. Lady Reid remained at '22 Woodcote Green Road' up to 1927.

Thereafter, the premises appear to have been acquired by Epsom Poor Law Institution. This establishment was transferred to Surrey County Council in 1930 and became Epsom County Hospital. In February 1934 two thirds of an acre on the south-west side of Woodcote Lodge was offered for sale at auction, by SCC, as choice building land.

Woodcote Lodge seems to have been re-named York House and used as Epsom District Hospital Nurses Home. Under the latter name it is mentioned in Epsom Town Downs and Common (1976) - "Really of some four storeys, the method of including attic and basement in the frontal design gives the impression of 2 storeys. This is of course the architect's intention, for it is only on the two main floors that the owner and his family would live. One assumes the architect would turn in his grave if he could see the design of the now fairly old additions and alterations at the left'.

Woodcote Green Road
Woodcote Green Road

A replacement block of flats for medical staff, again named Woodcote Lodge, was erected comparatively recently.

Woodcote Lodge
Woodcote Lodge
Image courtesy of Brian Bouchard © 2012

Brian Bouchard © February 2012





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