War Memorials - Surnames D

Index

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DANIEL, Walter George (Revised 22/04/2013)
DARLING, Charles Henry (Updated 10/04/2017)
DAVIES, Mary Jane (New 20/04/2013)
DAVIDSON, William (New 24/05/2016)
DAVIS, Gordon Moncrieff (New 13/06/2016)
DAVIS, Harry Alfred (New 17/06/2016)
DEANE, Arthur Francis (Revised 15/08/2017)
DEVEREUX, Richard (New 17/06/2016)
DEYELL, John William (New 02/06/2016)
DICKINSON, Francis Arthur (Updated 30/08/2013)
DICHHIT, Durga Din (New 29/03/2015)
DONHUE, John Knightly (Revised 22/11/2011)
DORAN, Joseph (New 31/01/2010)
DOUBLEDAY, P.J. (Revised 26/02/2013)
DOWN, F (Updated 29/05/2013)
DOWNIE, George Hunter (Revised 24/11/2014)
DUFFETT, Albert George (New 06/06/2015)
DUFFUS, Gordon Charles (New 18/07/2014)
DUGGAN, Robert (New 24/09/2016)
DUKE, Frank Stanley (Updated 02/03/2014)
DULAKE, H (Revised 03/09/2017)
DUMAIS, Joseph Jules (New 28/05/2016)
DUMBRILL, Richard (New 19/09/2016)
DUNN, William Walter (Revised 12/04/2012)
DUQUETTE, Albert Noah (New 15/09/2016)
DYER, Oswald John (New 25/03/2015)
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Content


DANIEL Walter George, Private. 4230.

1st Battalion East Surrey Regiment.
Killed in Action 18 July 1917, aged 27.

Walter's inscription on the Arras Memorial
Walter's inscription on the Arras Memorial
Image courtesy of Clive Gilbert © 2009

Walter George Daniel was born in 1890 (GRO reference: Sept 1890 Holsworthy 5b 515) to Samuel Charles and Mary Jane Daniel (nee Stidwill). His parents had married in the December quarter of 1883 in the Holsworthy (Devon) registration district. Their daughter Alice Jane was born the same year and by 1885 the family had moved to Stoke D'Abernon, Surrey where Walter's siblings Eliza and William were born. Walter's mother had returned to her hometown of Pancrasweek in Devon when she gave birth to Walter in 1890.

The 1891 census records the family living at Woodlands Park Cottages, Stoke D'Abernon, Surrey. Walter's father was a 29 year old agricultural labourer from Holsworthy, Devon. His mother was aged 30, and four siblings are recorded, Alice aged 7, Eliza aged 5, William aged 4 and James aged 2. Walter was a 9 months old baby.

Walter George Daniel And His Siblings
Name Born - Died Notes
Alice Jane Born: 1883 Pancrasweek Devon  
Eliza Ann Born: 1885 Stoke D'Abernon Surrey  
William Charles Born: 1886 Stoke D'Abernon Surrey Received Royal Navy Long Service and Good conduct Medal.
John James Born: 7 February 1889 Stoke D'Abernon Surrey
Died: 1977 Surrey Mid East
 
Walter George Born: 1890 Pancrasweek Devon
Died: 18 July 1917 Arras France
 
Albert Edwin Born: March 1892 Epsom
Died: October 1892 Epsom
Died aged 7 months.
Dorothy Ross Born: 1895 Horton Half sibling, mother Rosa
Betty Joan Born: 7 March 1921 Epsom
Died: March 1923 Epsom
Half sibling, mother Rosa Mary
Baptised 1 May 1921 Christ Church Epsom
Died aged 2
Irene M Born: 1924 Epsom  

Walter's 31 year old mother Mary Jane died in childbirth or shortly afterwards from complications, and was buried on 31 March 1892 in Epsom cemetery plot F73. Her son Albert Edwin died seven months later and was buried on 10 October 1892 in grave F97 in Epsom cemetery. Walter's father Samuel remarried to Rosa Spurrier, aged 30, in the Epsom registration district, during the September 1892 quarter.

In the 1901 census the family lived at Manor Lodge Cottage, where Walter's father Samuel was a 36 year old cowman, working on the farm of the recently opened (1899) Manor Asylum. Walter's stepmother was aged 30. Three of Walter's siblings are recorded, William aged 13, John aged 11 and Dorothy aged 5. Walter though, has been recorded under his second name of George and had Leatherhead recorded as his birthplace. His sister Alice was working in Epsom as a servant for the Manor Asylum engineer foreman and his family while sister Eliza was working as a general domestic servant for the Winby family in Langley Park Road, Sutton. The family had two boarders, both working on the farm.

In the 1911 census the family lived in Horton Lane, Epsom. Walter's father was described as a 48 year old 'cowman' working for the London County Council, whilst his step mother Rosa, aged 40, stated that she had been married for 18 years and had one child, Dorothy. Walter, who was working as a gardener, was recorded again under his second name of George and this time had Epsom given as his birthplace. His 16 year old half sister Dorothy has no occupation recorded. Walter's unmarried sister Alice was working as a cook for the Nicholl family at Street Farm, High Street, Ashtead, Surrey. His brother William had joined the Royal Navy and was a signalman aboard the 'HMS Avon', a torpedo boat destroyer docked in Avon, North Lock, Keyham Yard, Devonport. I have been unable to find his siblings Eliza and John in the census.

Samuel's second wife Rosa, also died young aged 46, and was buried in Epsom cemetery plot D437 on 17 November 1916. She had been living at 56, Common View Road, Epsom.

Before the war Walter worked on the Horton Light Railway that served the Epsom Asylum cluster, and he was commemorated on the now missing Long Grove Hospital memorial. His name, wrongly spelt Daniels, appeared under the 'Horton Estate Central Station and Railway' section of the memorial, along with two other men.

Walter served in the 1st Battalion East Surrey Regiment, which was in the 95th Brigade 5th Division. He was sent to France on 31 August 1915. In July 1917 a trench raid was planned, the objective being a trench along the western edge of Fresnoy Park. The raiding party was made up of men from No 1 Company on the right and No 4 Company on the left. The raid was to take place on 18 July 1917. At 3.30am, under the protection of an artillery barrage, the Battalion launched the raid. The objective was reached and about twenty Germans were killed and one was taken prisoner. However, the war diary reports that fourteen of the East Surrey's were missing, probably killed. Of those, eight men from No 4 Company pursued the enemy too far into Fresnoy Park and ran into their own protective barrage. The other six were probably killed by machine gun fire or bombs.

The 'Soldiers Died' CD states that fourteen men from the Battalion were killed in action on the 18 July, including Walter, who may have been a victim of 'Friendly Fire'.

Walter is commemorated on the Arras Memorial to the missing.

He was awarded the 1915 Star, British War medal and the Victory medal.

Walter's father married for the third time, in Epsom, during the December quarter of 1920, to Rosa Mary Stone. They had two daughters: Betty Joan born in Epsom in 1921 and Irene M. born in 1924. Betty died in the March quarter of 1923. Walter's father continued to live in Epsom until his death. He was buried in the same grave as his late daughter Betty, F84, on 11 January 1946.

EP CC LGH

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DARLING Charles Henry, Gunner. 2285.

2/1 West Lancashire Brigade. Royal Field Artillery .
Died 29 November 1915, aged 19.


Charles Darling
Charles Darling
Image courtesy of Brockton World War Victory Association

Charles Henry Darling, was born on 18 July 1896 in Medway, Massachusetts, U.S.A. He was the son of Jesse Leo and Annie F. Darling (nee Brien/O'Brien), who had married on 23 September 1889. His father, a shoemaker of Irish descent, was from Franklin, Massachusetts and his mother from Winchester, New Hampshire U.S.A. The family were all Catholics.

Charles' mother died on 5 Apr 1900 and was buried in Saint Joseph's Cemetery, Medway, Massachusetts, U.S.A.

Charles was aged 13 when the 1910 United States Federal census was taken. He was recorded as Charlie and was living with his 48-year-old widowed father and two older brothers, Thomas aged 19 and James aged 14, in rented accommodation at 52 Parker Street, Brockton, Plymouth, Massachusetts. Charles also had a 20-year-old sister, Mary Frances, who was married to Jerimiah Doyle.

Having aged himself by 3 years, Charles was living in Liverpool, when he enlisted into the 1st West Lancashire Brigade, Royal Field Artillery.

Charles was aged 19 when he died on 29 November 1915 in the County of London War Hospital in Epsom. He was buried on 3 December in grave K644 in Epsom Cemetery, a grave he shares with 8 other soldiers, and is remembered there on the CWGC Screen Wall. For unknown reasons the GRO death entry recorded Charles as 'Charles Y. Darling'.

On 25 November 1916 the Soldiers Effects Register, having no relative's name, recorded that any credits due to Charles should go to the American Consul-General. However, on 14 September 1918, another entry was made naming Charles' father, Jesse L. Darling, as his credits beneficiary.

Charles' father died the next year and was buried with his late wife in Saint Joseph's Cemetery, Medway, Massachusetts, U.S.A. Charles is remembered on his parent's headstone.

In May 1919 Charles, along with many others, was remembered with honour in a book published by Brockton World War Victory Association. Extract follows:

Brockton's Honor Roll of her sons who made the Supreme Sacrifice in the World War
      Private Charles Henry Darling of Company A. 1st Lancashire Mounted Artillery, was born in Medway, July 18. 1896, and was the son of Jesse Leo and Annie F. Darling. He formerly lived at 43 Leavitt Street, Brockton.
      He was educated at the Perkins School, with one year at the High School, and at the time of entering the English army, he had been in the employ of McRae & Ouderkirk as a teamster.
      He belonged to St. Patrick's Catholic Church in Brockton, MA.
      He died in the Military Hospital in Epsom, England. November 28 (sic), 1915.


Charles' inscription on the CWGC memorial Epsom.
Charles' inscription on the CWGC memorial Epsom.
Image courtesy of Clive Gilbert © 2016

As no medal records have been found for Charles, it is presumed that he died before serving overseas.

Charles' inscription on his parents' headstone
Charles' inscription on his parents' headstone
Image courtesy of RDM www.findagrave.com

CWGC

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DAVIDSON William, Private. 3715.

C Company, 1/5 Battalioin Seaforth Highlanders.
Died of Wounds 1 October 1916, aged 19.


William's inscription on the CWGC memorial Epsom.
William's inscription on the CWGC memorial Epsom.
Image courtesy of Clive Gilbert © 2016

William Davidson was born in 1897, the son of William and Annie Davidson. What little information about William that has been found appears below.

William enlisted at Wick, Caithness and went to France on 5 December 1915.

William was aged 19 when he died from his wounds in Horton County of London War Hospital on 1 October 1916. The 1/5th Seaforth Highlanders fought in the Battle of the Somme, and it is very likely that William was wounded during that battle.

He was buried on 4 October in grave K646 in Epsom Cemetery, a grave shared with 8 other soldiers and is remembered there on the CWGC Screen Wall.

William was awarded the 1915 Star, British War medal and the Victory medal.

He is remembered by the CWGC as the:
Son of Annie Davidson, of 51, Eaglesham Street, Paisley Road, Glasgow, and the late Pte. William Davidson (Seaforth Highlanders).
CWGC


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DAVIES Mary Jane, Housemaid

Died, influenza, aged 29.

Sadly little is known about the housemaid from Horton Hospital apart from her birth year of c1890 which comes from her death GRO reference: Mar 1919 Epsom 2a 86.

Mary Jane Davies was aged 29 when she died during the influenza pandemic that swept across the world during 1918-1919.

Mary was buried in grave K719 in Epsom cemetery on 24 February 1919. Eleven others are buried in the same grave, having died between December 1918 and March 1919; probably all from influenza.

NOTE: Mary's surname is spelt 'Davis' in the cemetery register.

HWH

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DAVIS Gordon Moncrieff, 115982. Private.

72th Battalion Canadian Infantry.
Died 15 April 1917, aged 18.


Gordon's inscription on the CWGC memorial Epsom.
Gordon's inscription on the CWGC memorial Epsom.
Image courtesy of Clive Gilbert © 2016

Gordon Moncrieff Davis was born on 31 January 1898, the fourth of 10 children born to Joseph and Louisa Grace Davis (nee Chappell), who had married on 5 December 1893 in Moosomin, Saskatchewan. Gordon's service record states that he was born in Fleming, Saskatchewan. However, his official birth registration states that he was born in Selkirk, Manitoba.

Aged 18 Gordon attested on 14 March 1916 at Pottage la Prairie joining the 2nd Squadron, 10th Canadian Mounted Rifles. He was 5 feet 7 inches tall, weighed 145 lbs, had a light complexion, grey eyes, brown hair and a fully expanded chest measurement of 35 inches. He gave his religion as Methodist, his occupation as farmer, and his next-of-kin as his father who lived at Spy Hill.

Gordon embarked from Canada on 29 April 1916 aboard SS Olympic, arrived in England on 10 May and was stationed at Shorncliffe, Sussex. He was admitted to the Moore Barracks, Canadian Hospital, Shorncliffe on 15 May 1916 suffering with bronchitis, and was discharged on 23 May. He was again admitted to Moore Barracks Hospital on 28 May suffering with osteoarthritis; he was discharged on 24 June and transferred to the 11th Reserve Battalion.

On 28 September 1916 Gordon was transferred to the 27th Battalion and sent to France. On 9 January 1917 he was admitted to No.20 General Hospital, Camiers, France, again suffering with bronchitis. His condition was serious enough to warrant his evacuation to England and he was admitted to Barnett War Hospital on 16 January. On 8 February he was transferred to the Canadian Convalescent Hospital, Woodcote Park, Epsom and on 16 March to the Horton War Hospital where he was also diagnosed with rheumatic fever. On 27 March he was declared to be dangerously ill with pneumonia endocarditis and on 15 April 1917 he died.

Gordon was buried on 20 April in grave K738 in Epsom Cemetery and is remembered there on the Screen Wall.

Gordon's British War medal, Victory medal, Plaque, Scroll and Canadian Memorial Cross were sent to his parents at Spy Hill, Saskatchewan in the early 1920s.

CWGC

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DAVIS Harry Alfred, Lieutenant.

2nd Battalion Canadian Machine Gun Corps.
Died of Wounds 7 September 1918, aged 22.


Harry's inscription on the CWGC memorial Epsom.
Harry's inscription on the CWGC memorial Epsom.
Image courtesy of Clive Gilbert © 2016

Harry Alfred Davis was born 30 June 1896 in Springhill, Nova Scotia, Canada. He was the eldest son of James A. and Sarah Davis. His father had emigrated with his parents and siblings from Wales in 1885.

When the 1901 Canadian census was taken Harry was aged 4 and his younger brother James was aged 3. They were living in Cumberland, Nova Scotia, where his father worked as a miner. The following year his sister Irene was born. The family were recorded in 1911 as living in Elm Street, Springhill, Cumberland, Nova Scotia. Harry was recorded in the census as Henry.

At the age of 19 years and one month Harry attested on 10 August 1915 in Aldershot, Nova Scotia into the 40th Battalion (Nova Scotia) Canadian Expeditionary Force (CEF). He started his military career as a Private soldier with the service number 414881. Harry was 6 feet and ½ of an inch tall, with a fully expanded chest measurement of 35¼ inches, a ruddy complexion, blue eyes and brown hair. He had one vaccination mark on his left arm, his religion was Church of England and he worked as a miner. His father James A. Davis was his next-of-kin.

Harry embarked from Quebec aboard SS Safonia arriving in England on 28 October 1915. He was promoted to the rank of Lance Corporal on 4 February 1915 but reverted to the rank of Private, at his own request, on 15 March and on the same day he embarked for France with the 60th Battalion.

On 20 July 1916 he was attached to the 2nd Tunnelling Company and on 4 September was again appointed Lance Corporal.

In preparation for promotion to commissioned rank, on 16 January 1917, he attended cadet school at Blendecques, France, and on 2 April 1917 his promotion to Lieutenant was announced in the London Gazette dated 1 April. Soon after Harry's promotion he fought in the famous Canadian battle for the village of Vimy.

On 11 April the 60th Battalion was ordered to relieve the 1st Canadian Mounted Rifles. This they did, in a blinding snow storm and under heavy enemy shellfire; the relief being completed by midnight. Harry, the officer in charge of C company, No. 11 platoon, received shrapnel wounds to his left hand, left hip and a severe fracture to his skull and was admitted to No. 14 General Hospital, Boulogne on 15 April. He was then evacuated to England and on 20 April was admitted to Anstie Grange Hospital, Holmwood, Surrey where he remained until 25 June 1917.

Harry was granted leave to help him convalesce from his injuries and on 4 August 1917 he attended a medical board at 13 Berners Street, W.1., to assess his gunshot wounds, where it was noted that:
he has recovered from above disability. He is nervous and states that he does not sleep well.
The board recommended that he would be fit for general service in two months time. During the two month period he would be fit for home service but for the first month without marching.

He was then posted to the Quebec Regimental Depot at Bramshott and on 30 November 1917 was taken on the strength of the 23rd Reserve Battalion. On 18 February 1918 he was posted to the 24th Battalion (Victoria Rifles) and again went to France. He was taken on the strength of the 2nd Machine Gun Battalion on 16 April in which he served until he was severely wounded, again by shellfire, this time to his back, on 28 August. On 1 September he was admitted to No. 14 General Hospital, Wimereux.

Once again Harry was evacuated to England and on 4 September he was admitted to Horton War Hospital, Epsom but died from his wounds two days later on 7 September. He was buried in grave K91 in Epsom Cemetery on 12 September 1918 and is commemorated there on the Screen Wall. His brother James had been drafted four months earlier on 26 May 1918.

Harry's British War medal, Victory medal, Scroll, Plaque and Canadian Memorial Cross were sent to his parents at Springhill, Cumberland County, Nova Scotia, in the early 1920s.

CWGC

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DEANE Arthur Francis, 2nd Lieutenant.

167th Company Machine Gun Corps (MGC).
Killed in Action 16 August 1917, aged 27.

Arthur's headstone in Enclosure No.4 IV.G.3 Bedford House Cemetery, Belgium
Arthur's headstone in Enclosure No.4 IV.G.3 Bedford House Cemetery, Belgium
Image courtesy of Clive Gilbert © 2013

'Arthur Francis Deane' was an alias for Arthur Francis Trowbridge Pockett. Arthur was born on 3 November 1889 in Hornsey, London (GRO reference: Dec 1889 Edmonton 3a 279), the fifth child of Henry Trowbridge and Clara Pockett. His father Henry, a cashier, had married Clara Pickford on 16 May 1880 in St. Matthew church in Islington, London. Their first child Clara was born ten days after the 1881 census was taken on 3 April when Henry and Clara were living in Campsbourne Road, Hornsey, Middlesex. Henry's occupation was then described as a 'Commercial clerk, jewellery'. Over the next ten years Clara gave birth to another five children including Arthur.

The family had moved to 16 Beatrice Road, Hornsey by 1886.

ARTHUR FRANCIS DEANE AND HIS SIBLINGS
Name Born - Died Notes
Clara Edith Pockett Born: 13 April 1881 Hornsey. Baptised St. Mary Hornsey, address Pembroke Cottage, Campsbourne Road, Hornsey. Married Frank Robert Edward Palmer in August 1904 in St. Mary's church Cuddington as Edith Clara Deane.
Charlotte Amelia Pockett Born: 21 October 1882 Hornsey.
Died: 12 March 1962 Deal, Kent.
Baptised St. Mary Hornsey, address 7, Campsbourne Road, Hornsey.
Married Cyril Dickinson in 1913 in St. Mary's church Cuddington as Charlotte A. Deane.
Was known as Mildred.
Henry Trowbridge Otto Pockett Born: 26 November 1886 Stroud Green.
Died: 1969 Hailsham, East Sussex
Baptised in Holy Trinity, Stroud Green.
Father described as an Accountant living at 16 Beatrice Road, Hornsey.
Married Phyllis Sarah Walters 1915, Marylebone
Rosalie Annie Pockett Born: 20 January 1888 Hornsey.
Died: 1973 Birkenhead, Cheshire
Father described as a Public Accountant on her baptism record in Holy Trinity, Stroud Green.
Married Gilbert Quilliam Dinn in 1915 in St. Mary's church Cuddington as Rosalie A. Deane
Arthur Francis Trowbridge Pockett Born: 3 November 1889 Hornsey.
Died: 16 August 1917 Belgium.
 
Beatrice Winifred Pockett Born: 18 June 1891 Edmonton.
Died: 1975 Kingston upon Thames
Baptised as Winifred Beatrice Deane on 8 January 1909 at St. Mary's Cuddington.
Married Frederic E. Johnson in 1916 in St. Mary's church Cuddington as Winifred B. Deane.
Maud Dorothy Pockett Born: 26 July 1892 Holloway. Baptised as Maud Dorothy Deane on 8 January 1909 at St. Mary's Cuddington.
Married John A Borley 1920 in St. Saviours Church, Raynes Park
Marjorie Irene Deane Born: 25 January 1903 Chelsea.
Died: 5 December 1991 Hungerford, Berkshire
Half sister. Baptised as Marjorie Irene Deane on 8 January 1909 at St. Mary's Cuddington. Married Frank Appleyard 1939.
Possibly also known as Marjorie Irene STRONG.

The family were still living there when the 1891 census was taken. Arthur's father Henry was aged 33 and was, according to the census, working as an accountant while Arthur's 32 year old mother, who was slightly deaf, looked after him and his siblings with the help of a nursemaid, Annie Jenkins, and a domestic servant, Annie Smith. Arthur's sister Maud was born in 1893.

However Arthur's father was not the upright citizen that he seemed.

Various newspapers of the time reported in October 1895 that Arthur's father Henry had been in business, for at least the past ten years, as 'a moneylender of the worse kind'. He had been duly arrested and charged with fraud as in obtaining money from several various persons under false pretences. It also came to light that Henry had been trading under the name of just Henry Trowbridge and the aliases of 'Wilfred Wilberforce' and 'Cecil G. Courtney' at 11, Stroud Green Road, (Finsbury Park), London. Henry was allowed bail of £500 but had to return to court several times during November and December where more charges were brought against him as more disgruntled victims came forward, and in December he was committed for trail.

During his trail, Henry pleaded that he had been only doing what other moneylenders in London were doing. The only problem was that these moneylenders charged 5% per month on money they had advanced whereas Henry was charging anything between 7 shillings 6 pence to £2 2 shillings for just the enquiry into him lending money to the enquirers and then declining to lend his money for various reasons. From papers and application forms, dated between 1894 and 1895, found in Henry's offices, it appeared that out of the 1,369 applications made over a ten month period, 1,145 were refused with the fees charged totalling £684 12 shillings. In the cases where loans were granted, the rates of interest he charged were not 5% but between 49% and 68%.

Henry pleaded 'for clemency for the sake of his wife and seven children, upon whom his shame would reflect'. Mr. Justice Hawkins presiding, sentenced Henry to six months hard labour and fined him £500 and added that if the fine was not met, then a further six months would be added to his sentence. After sentencing Henry was taken to Holloway jail where he served his sentence.

We can only speculate the effect this all had on Arthur, his mother and his siblings but in the June quarter of 1897 Arthur's 38 year old mother died; she was registered by the GRO as Clara Pockett.

It would be nice to think that Arthur's father had learnt his lesson and decided to 'go straight', but he must have been worried that he would be tracked down by his previous clients who wanted their money back. Certainly by 1901 the family were using the alias surname of 'Deane'; Arthur's father and older brother Henry were by then both using the name of 'Henry Cuthbert Deane' and Charlotte was known as 'Mildred Deane'.

The 1901 census shows that Arthur's father Henry and his sisters, 19 year old Clara and 18 year old 'Mildred', were boarding at the Montague Mansions Hotel in Great Russell Street, St George Bloomsbury, London. Henry was recorded as a 48 year old widower who was now an auctioneer on his own account. His daughters were recorded as the 'Daughters of H. C. Deane'. The younger children were all attending boarding schools under their alias surname of Deane; Arthur's sisters, Rosa (Rosalie) aged 13, Winnie (Beatrice) aged 9 and Maudie (Maud) aged 8, were all pupils at the Collingwood College, situated in 44-50 Leyland Road, Lee, Lewisham.

Arthur aged 11, and his 15 year old brother Henry were pupils at Cranleigh School in Surrey. Arthur attended this school between 1900 and 1904, and then attended King's College School between 1904 and 1908. There is an unfinished baptism record in St. Nicholas Church, Cranleigh, made on 12 March 1904, for an Arthur Francis Deane. There is no record of parents, address, occupation or of any minister performing the baptism.

According to the 1911 census Arthur's father married a lady named Florence Elizabeth in 1902. However, assuming Henry used his new name, there is no GRO marriage reference for them. (There is though, a marriage record of a Henry C. Deane marrying a Florence E. Giles in the December quarter of 1917 in the registration district of Fylde, Lancashire). In the following year of 1903, in the Chelsea registration district, the couple had a daughter who they named Marjorie Irene Deane.

Arthur's sister Clara married Frank Palmer, a dental surgeon, in 1904; their son, Frank Henry Fowke, was born on 2 July 1905 but died the next year.

By 1907 Arthur and his family had moved to the borough of Epsom in Surrey to live in a house named 'Hazelhurst' in The Avenue, Cuddington.

It was there that Arthur's 54-year-old father, whose occupation was still an auctioneer and who was now also an employer, filled in the 1911 census form stating that he and his second wife, 37-year-old Florence Elizabeth, had been married for nine years and had had one child, Marjorie Irene Deane, who was then eight years old. Henry also listed his children from his first marriage as Charlotte Amelia, Arthur Francis, Rosalie Annie, Winifred Beatrice and Maud Dorothy.

Arthur was aged 21 and working as a commercial clerk for a merchant. His father employed a cook, parlour maid, housemaid and kitchen maid to help run their home. His father also owned two freehold houses in Auckland Road, Battersea.

Arthur Francis Deane attested at Whitehall, London on 20 September 1916 as Private 56871 in the MGC. He stated that he had been born in the Parish of Strand, Middlesex and that he was 26 years old. He was 5 feet 8 inches tall, weighed 130lbs, had a chest measurement of 36 inches maximum, 31 inches minimum, and perfect 6/6 sight with both eyes. His address was stated as Thatched House Club, St James Street W.C.

Arthur had worked as shipping clerk for Messrs. Butterfield and Swire (China and Japan), and had resigned, in order to join the forces, against their wishes. He stated that he had previously served as a Private in the Hong Kong Volunteer Corps (Scouts Company), between 29 May 1912 and 20 July 1915, leaving because he moved to Japan for business reasons. Then between 27 January 1916 and 28 July 1916 he served as a Gunner in the Shanghai Volunteer Corps (Maxim Battery), leaving to return to the UK to volunteer for active service. Arthur's papers have a reference to travelling expenses from Shanghai to the UK of £45 0s 10d.

On 25 September 1916 he was admitted to the Machine Gun Corps Officer Cadet Battalion at Bisley. Arthur's service papers record his father as next of kin living at the address 'Hazlehurst', Worcester Park, Surrey. In 1917, Arthur described his father as an 'Estate Agent'. Arthur did not remain a Private soldier for long and on 27 January 1917 his name appeared in the London Gazette, under Machine Gun Corps, stating that he was to be a temporary 2nd Lieutenant.

Arthur embarked from Folkestone on 9 April 1917 and disembarked the same day at Boulogne, France. He arrived at the large MGC depot at Camiers on 11 April and joined the 167 Company MGC on 24 April. He was slightly wounded on 3 August but remained on duty.

On 16-17 August 1917 the 167th Company MGC fought in the Battle of Langemarck, a phase of the Battle of Third Ypres (Passchendaele). The following is an extract from the War Diary:
August 16. At zero hour 4.45am attack on Green line commenced. At first good progress was made on the right, but was finally held up at N. end of NONNE BOSCHEN by mud and M.G. fire. Guns with forward troops on right could not get into action owing to being unable to get forward on account of bad state of ground. Two guns with 1st LONDONS on left got well forward and covered the advance from J.8b.1.6. 2/Lt DEANE was with these guns which did excellent work and found many targets on the opposite side of the valley at ranges from 600 yards to 1500 yards. One of these guns was destroyed by shell fire and the greater part of the team became casualties. The other gun remained in position until about 5pm when the infantry retired, this gun remained in position covering their retirement and withdrawal. The guns in the rear covered the advance by overhead fire. At all periods the greatest difficulty was experienced in getting SAA to the guns owing to the heavy shell fire and bad ground. The carriers attached from battalions did excellent work in this respect. The barrage guns maintained a steady fire until 9am when they came under the orders of BGC 167 Bde and remained in reserve. 13 OR prisoners surrendered to these guns at 5am. 2/Lt KYRKE and Lt TAIT were wounded during the day and 2/Lt A.F. DEANE was killed.
Arthur was buried in Enclosure No.4 IV.G.3 Bedford House Cemetery, Belgium.

His father, as next of kin, received a telegram c/o C. Dickinson Esq., St. Margarets, Grand Drive, Raynes Park, Surrey, the home of Arthur's married sister Charlotte, informing the family that Arthur had been killed in action. Arthur's father sent a letter on 8 September 1917 asking for any of his late son's effects to be sent to him c/o 67 Launderdale Mansions, Maida Vale, London.

Arthur's returned effects consisted of:
1 match box
1 pair eye glasses and case (damaged)
1 Counterfoil cheque book
1 pocket book
Receipts
Photos
Letters etc
An extract from his Will asked that:
'… my family namely - Father, Step-mother, Harry, Clare, Mildred (Charlotte), Rosa, Winnie, Maudie & Marjorie - the rest of my estate to be divided equally among them'.
Arthur was awarded the British War medal and the Victory medal, which were sent at the end of 1917 to his father at The Cairn Hydro (Hotel), Harrogate, Yorkshire. As mentioned earlier, there is a GRO marriage record of a Henry C. Deane marrying a Florence E. Giles in the December quarter of 1917 in the registration district of Fylde, Lancashire, about 20 miles from Harrogate.

Probate records state:
Deane Arthur Francis of Shanghai China, lieutenant H.M. Army, lately stationed at Ypres in Flanders, died 16 August 1917 in Flanders. Administration (with Will) London 20 December to Henry Cuthburt Deane, gentleman. Effects £383 19s. 9d.
Arthur's father died we believe, on 13 September 1927 at the American Hospital in Neuilly-sur-Seine, France. His address was given as Flat 5, 1 Duchess street, Portland Place, Middlesex; his effects were valued at nearly £79,741.

SMC

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DEVEREUX Richard, Private. 30068.

19th Battalion King's Liverpool Regiment.
Died of Wounds 19 May 1918, aged 42.


Richard's inscription on the CWGC memorial Epsom.
Richards's inscription on the CWGC memorial Epsom.
Image courtesy of Clive Gilbert © 2016

Richard Devereux was born in Liverpool on 22 March 1877 (GRO reference: Jun 1877 Liverpool 8b 76), the son of Robert and Maria Devereux, (nee Lacey). Two days later Richard was baptised in St. Brigid Catholic Church, Liverpool. Robert and Maria had both been born in Ireland but had married on 27 June 1878 in the same church that Richard had been baptised in. They had six known children:

RICHARD DEVEREUX AND HIS SIBLINGS
NameBorn - DiedNotes
BridgetBorn: 14 April 1867 Liverpool
Died: 12 August 1913 Liverpool
Married William Pines 1896.
Buried on 14 August in Ford Cemetery, Lancashire.
MartinBorn: 7 January 1870 Liverpool
Died: 29 April 1891
Buried in Ford Cemetery, Lancashire.
Ann (twin of Martin)Born: 7 January 1870 Liverpool
Died: 17 August 1870
Buried in Ford Cemetery, Lancashire
Mary AnnBorn: 8 March 1875 Liverpool
Died:
Married William Welsh 1896.
RichardBorn: 22 March 1877 Liverpool
Died: 19 May 1918 Epsom
 
CatherineBorn: 1880 Liverpool
Died: 10 May 1955
1911 living with married sister Bridget.
Married Charles Cowan 1919.
Buried in Ford Cemetery, Lancashire.

Aged 4, Richard was living with his parents and four siblings in 4/24 Court, Paul Street, Liverpool when the 1881 census was taken. His father was working as a general labourer to support his family.

Richard appears to have been living in the Newsboys Home when the 1891 census was taken but the whereabouts of the rest of his family is unknown.

Richard's father was aged 54 when he died; he was buried in Ford Cemetery, Lancashire on 24 November 1896. Richard's mother was also aged 54 when she died; she was buried on 9 December 1898 in the same cemetery as her late husband.

In 1901 Richard and his 21-year-old sister Catherine were living at 4 Eaton Street, Liverpool. Richard, aged 23, was working as a tanner while his sister worked as a cotton picker. They had a 13-year-old housemaid living with them.

Later that year, on 17 November 1901, Richard married Sarah Sharps in St Sylvester Church, Lancashire, England. They had seven children:

RICHARD AND SARAH DEVEREUX'S CHILDREN
NameBorn - Died
RobertBorn: 11 May 1902 Liverpool
MaryBorn: 22 August 1903 Liverpool
Died: 1938
ThomasBorn: 16 December 1905 Liverpool
PatrickBorn: 1908 Liverpool
Died: 1910 Liverpool
Sarah EllenBorn: 1910 Liverpool
Died: 1911 Liverpool
CatherineBorn: 1913 Liverpool
SarahBorn: 1915 Liverpool

The 1911 census was taken on 2 April and recorded the family as living at 2/7 Hook Street, Liverpool. Richard recorded all of their children but the enumerator marked Sarah and Patrick as 'Dead'. Richard also noted that he was working as a tanner's labourer working from home and that he and Sarah had been married for 10 years. Sarah E. Devereux's death was not registered with the GRO until the September quarter 1911.

Unfortunately Richard's service record has not survived but some information about him can be extracted from his Medal Card, Soldiers Died CD and 'Soldiers Effects' records.

Liverpool was where Richard was born, where he lived and where he enlisted into the 3rd (Reserve and Training) Battalion, The King's Liverpool Regiment. At first glance his medal card seems to indicate that he was awarded the 1914-1915 Star, but the box for the Medal Roll reference has been left blank and the space for 'Qualifying Date' has also been left blank and Pembroke Dock is noted as the 'Theatre of War'. The 3rd Battalion was sent to Pembroke Dock in July 1915 and then to Cork, Ireland in 1917.

Richard's Medal Roll entry states that he served in the 11th and 19th Battalions but his Medal Card only records that he served in the 19th battalion. I suspect that he was transferred to the 11th Battalion after 1915 and then transferred again to the 19th Battalion, which was in the 89th Brigade, 30th Division.

Richard's 'Soldier's Effects' record tells us that he died from 'gunshot wounds and cerebral abscess'. Exactly where and when he received the gunshot wounds is impossible to say but in 1918 the 30th Division was in France holding the line near St. Quentin. On 21 March 1918 the German Army launched its last attempt to win the war before the Americans arrived in force, its huge offensive know as the 'Kaiserschlacht' or the 'Kaiser's Battle'. Between 21 and 31 March the 19th King's Liverpool had 115 men killed. I feel that it is most likely that he was wounded during this battle.

Richard was aged 42 when he died of his wounds on 19 May 1918 in Horton War Hospital, Epsom. He was buried on 22 May in grave K648 in Epsom Cemetery, a grave he shares with three other soldiers. He is remembered there on the Screen Wall.

He was awarded the British War medal and the Victory medal, which his widow Sarah asked to be sent to her home at 204 Great Homer Street, Liverpool. Sarah died on 11 August 1941.

Richard's medal card
Reichard's medal card.
Image courtesy of Ancestry.co.uk (Link opens in a new window)
Ancestry Logo

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DEYELL John William, Private. 234723.

8th Battalion Canadian Infantry.
Died of Wounds 9 October 1918, aged 21.


John William Deyell
John William Deyell
Image courtesy of the Brénot family

John Willian Deyell was born on 5 October 1897 in Alameda, Saskatchewan, Canada. Of Irish descent, he was the son of John and Millicent Deyell (nee McCaughey).

When the 1911 Canadian census was taken, John aged 13, was recorded as Wm John. John, his parents and his older brothers Harold Housden aged 22, Raymond Douglas aged 19 and James Robert Victor aged 15 were all living in the district of Assiniboia, Saskatchewan, where John's father farmed.

On 12 April 1916 in Winnipeg, Manitoba, John aged 18½, attested as William John Deyell into the 203rd (Winnipeg Rifles) Battalion. He gave his occupation as a student and his religion as Presbyterian. He was 5 feet 9 inches tall, weighed 160 lbs and had a fully expanded chest measurement of 35½ inches. His complexion was described as dark and he had hazel coloured eyes and dark brown hair.

Taken on 1st June 1916 the Canadian census records 18 year old William/John living with his parents, brothers Harold, Raymond and James, and his sister Margaret. William is shown as serving with the 203rd Battalion, which had not yet been sent overseas.

The 203rd (Winnipeg Rifles) Battalion embarked from Halifax, Canada on 24 October 1916 aboard SS Grampian and disembarked in Liverpool 5 November.

On 21 December 1916 William/John made a will leaving everything he owned to his mother.

On 12 January 1917 the 203rd (Winnipeg Rifles) Battalion was absorbed into the 18th Reserve Battalion at Seaford, Sussex. William/John was transferred to the 8th Battalion on 17 May 1917.

Diagnosed with influenza, between 7 December 1917 and 11 January 1918, William/John spent 36 days in the 2nd Western General Hospital, Manchester. He was then transferred to the manor War Hospital, Epsom, diagnosed with P.U.O. (Pyrexia of Unknown Origin), where he spent 6 days. This was followed with 10 days at Woodcote Park, Canadian convalescent hospital, Epsom before he was discharged to duty.

The 8th Battalion fought in the Battle of Amiens which commenced on 8 August 1918 and led to final victory. During the two days 9 and 10 August the battalion lost 8 officers and 39 other ranks killed, 7 officers and 309 other ranks wounded and a further 52 other ranks missing.

William/John was severely wounded on 9 August receiving gunshot (shrapnel) wounds to his right ankle (causing it to fracture) and his left arm. On 11 August he was admitted to the 3rd Australian General Hospital at Abbeville, France. Evacuated back to England he was admitted to Horton War Hospital, Epsom on 17 August. After 54 days in hospital William/John died on 9 October. He was buried in grave K701 in the CWGC plot in Epsom Cemetery on Monday 14 October 1918 and is commemorated there on the Screen Wall.

William/John's inscription on the CWGC memorial Epsom.
William/John's inscription on the CWGC memorial Epsom.
Image courtesy of Clive Gilbert © 2016

William/John's British War medal, Victory medal, plaque and scroll, and Canadian Memorial Cross were sent to his parents at Box 23, Alameda, Saskatchewan, the last being sent on 7 July 1922.

CWGC

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DICKINSON, Francis Arthur, Major

1st Battalion Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry (DCLI).
Died of Wounds 11 April 1915, aged 41.

Frank in hunting gear
Frank in hunting gear
Image source: Frank's own book Big Game Hunting

Francis Arthur Dickinson, known by his family as Frank, was born on 5 February 1874 in Lufton Somerset (GRO reference: Mar 1874 Yeovil 5c 484) to Arthur and Alice Berkley Dickinson (nee Woodforde). Frank's parents' marriage is recorded in the June 1879 quarter in the Newton Abbot registration district.

In the 1881 census the family lived at 'Bleak House', Walton-in-Gordano, North Somerset. Frank's father, aged 34, earned his living as a banker. His mother was aged 37, and his brother Stephen Carey, was aged 5. Stephen Carey was to remain Frank's only sibling. The family employed four servants. Visiting on census night was 27 year old banker, Alfred C Jeal.

In 1884 Frank, aged ten, became a pupil at the small preparatory school in Epsom called Upland House. He later attended Charterhouse school, starting around 1887.

1891 census records Frank as an Army student at 'Thanckes' Mansion, Torpoint, Cornwall. He later went on to study at the military academy at Sandhurst.

Frank's 'Record of Services' provides the following information:
  • passed his Sandhurst examinations in 1894
  • first battalion Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry
  • promoted Captain in 1899
  • was 5 feet 10 inches tall
  • could speak East African dialects
  • by 1902 had commanded a Company or Section of Mounted Infantry
  • had served as an adjutant in the King's African Rifles
  • his father was his next-of-kin
  • served in India from December 1896 to November 1900
  • served in Ceylon from November 1900 to January 1901 guarding Boer prisoners
  • served in Somaliland from January 1901 to August 1903
  • served in British East Africa from August 1903 to December 1905
  • fought with the Tirah Expeditionary Force, 1897 to 1898
  • severely wounded in Somaliland, 1901
  • Mentioned in Despatches, Somaliland, 1902 and 1903
  • awarded North West Frontier medal with clasps 1897-98
  • awarded Somaliland/African General Service medal with clasps 1901 - 02 - 03
  • last entry December 1905

The East Africa 1904 clasp was introduced solely for those men (approximately 135 men qualified) who had served under Frank in operations against the Irreyeni (Iraini) and Embu tribes in the area we now know as Kenya in February and March 1904.

Between 1908 and 1912 Arthur served in the Egyptian army with the rank of El Bombashi (Major).

Frank was a fellow of the Royal Geographical Society, and had a great love for Africa. He was an excellent shot and also enjoyed writing. On 23 November 1908 he published a book called 'Big Game Shooting on the Equator' followed in 1910 by 'Lake Victoria to Kharthoum with Rifle and Camera'. His writing shows that he had inquiring mind and a methodical approach. He recorded his findings and advice in a clear and precise style. Sir Winston Churchill wrote the forward to the second book and commented on Frank's constant cheerfulness and 'stores of resourcefulness for every difficulty and emergency'. Frank had been in command of the escort for Churchill when he visited Somaliland, and had been invited to Kharthoum as Churchill's guest.

Frank married Clare Dorothy Phipps, known as Dorothy, in a much reported society wedding on 23 July 1914 in Dilton parish church, near Westbury. After a reception at the bride's family home at Chalcot, the couple spent the first part of their honeymoon at Tyntesfield near Bristol and then moved on to Lanhydrock in Cornwall, lent to them by Frank's uncle. At the time, Frank was expecting to rejoin his regiment in Hong Kong in September, but the outbreak of war saw him instead joining the 1st Battalion DCLI in Bellicourt, France, on 8 October. The Battalion was in the 14th brigade, 5th Division.

Newspaper report of Frank and Clare's wedding.  Click image to enlarge.
Newspaper report of Frank and Clare's wedding
Click image to enlarge.
Image source Bath Chronicle and Weekly Gazette 25 July 1914

Frank had a foot wounded on 19 October 1914, at Lorgies and did not rejoin the Battalion until 25 March 1915, at Locre, Belgium.

On 27 March 1915, under a very bright moon which hampered the relief as it assisted the accuracy of German rifle fire, the Battalion took over trenches at 'Irish House', near Wijtschate, from the 1st Devons. The next day Frank received a leg wound whilst walking up to the trenches. He was evacuated to a base hospital at Boulogne and died there on 11 April. Unlike most of his comrades his body was transported back to England and he was buried in All Saints churchyard, Kingweston, Somerset at 1500 hours on Friday 16 April.

Frank's headstone in All Saints churchyard, Kingweston, Somerset
Detail from Frank's headstone
Frank's headstone in All Saints churchyard, Kingweston, Somerset
Images courtesy of Clive Gilbert ©2013

Nearly all the soldiers killed in the Great War were not repatriated; they were buried near where they fell. However, during the early phase of the war certain individuals with money and influence were able to repatriate their loved ones, but by late 1915 all repatriation had ceased.

His brother, Stephen Carey Dickinson, wrote: 'Frank returned to England to get married just before the outbreak of the 1914 Great War. Then he proceeded to France with his Regiment as Second-in-Command. He was mortally wounded at Dickebusch in Flanders and was moved to Boulogne hospital where he died. His body was moved to England and I saw that the King's Colour was put on his coffin in the boat, but I was not granted leave to be present at his funeral at Kingweston. His grave is just by the church door with his service record on the cross. Dorothy, his wife, had a son which was unfortunately born dead owing to the tragedy of her husband's death'.

Note: Stephen Carey also attended Upland House school, and served during the war as a Major in the Somerset Light Infantry.

Probate was granted to his widow Clare, of Chalcot near Westbury in the sum of £3,809 8s. 9d.

Frank was awarded the 1914 Star, British War medal and the Victory medal.

Frank is also commemorated on the Charterhouse school memorial and the Somerton Memorial and on a panel in the east window of the church.

The Somerton memorial
Detail from The Somerton memorial
The Somerton memorial
Images courtesy of Clive Gilbert ©2013

UHS

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DICHHIT Durga Din, Naik. 1116

2/3rd Gaur Brahmans.
Died 10 August 1919, aged 26.

Durga's inscription on the CWGC memorial Epsom.
Durga's inscription on the CWGC memorial Epsom.
Image courtesy of Clive Gilbert

Durga Din Dichhit was a 26 year old Naik (Corporal) in the Indian Army who came to Britain in 1919, as part of a contingent of Indian soldiers, in order to take part in the peace parade and celebrations held on Saturday 19 July 1919. However, because the date for the parade was brought forward none of the Indian contingent were able to take part because they arrived too late. The contingent occupied a special camp provided for them at Hampton Court.

Durga Din Dichhit died of influenza in Horton War Hospital on 10 August 1919. He was one of six men from the Hampton Court camp to die of influenza at the Horton War Hospital.

His name was spelt slightly differently when his death was registered with the General Register Office: DEXTRI Durga P. Sep 1919 (26) Epsom 2a 50.

The Epsom Advertiser dated 15 August 1919 printed the following:
FIRE IN THE GRAVE. - The other week we recorded the death of an Indian soldier at the Horton War Hospital, and his funeral at the Epsom Cemetery. The digging of the grave was done by Indian soldiers, but their desires that, in accordance with the Indian funeral ceremonies, the body should be burnt, could not be acceded to. On Monday, when another of the Indian soldiers was buried at the same cemetery, there was,however, more conformity to the Indian style of burial. The deceased was Prasad Dextra Duiga, of the 2/3 Battalion Brahma Regiment, another of the Indian soldiers who came to England to take part in the peace celebrations in London, and who being taken ill, died at Horton Hospital on Monday morning. In the afternoon a number of Indian soldiers proceeded to the cemetery, and there commenced digging the grave. The coffin, which arrived in a motor ambulance some hours later, viz., half-past six, was covered by a white sheet, while over this was a Union Jack. The coffin was carried by two Indians at the head of it and two behind, while another Indian followed, carrying a bundle of dry sticks. The coffin was placed close to the grave, and, prior to lowering it into the grave, the Union Jack and sheet were removed and taken away. The coffin, after the lid had been lifted up, was then lowered by the Indians into the grave they had dug, to a depth of about 6ft. Oil was then poured down and pieces of wood put into the grave, after which the faggot was set alight and lowered. On the top of this burning faggot were put pieces of wood, and the fire was soon such as to cause the flames to ascend above the top of the grave. The Indians, while the body was burnt, went through their form of ritual, and subsequently filled in the grave.
He is buried in grave K 756 in Epsom Cemetery and is commemorated on the screen wall of the Commonwealth War Graves Commission (CWGC) plot. The CWGC states that he was the:
Son of Gamma-Parshad Cichhit, of Mansurnagar, Etah, United Provinces.

CWGC

Note: Peace celebrations and parades to celebrate the end of the Great War were originally scheduled to take place on Monday 4 August 1919, but the date was changed to Saturday 19 July. The Times newspaper dated Friday 18 July reported that bringing forward the celebration date meant that the 1,500 specially selected British and Indian officers and men who were to represent each unit of the Army in India, would not now be able to attend. They left Bombay by ship on 20 June and would have arrived in time to take part on the original 4 August date but not on 19 July.

Gurkhas of the Indian Army Contingent passing up the Mall
Gurkhas of the Indian Army Contingent passing up the Mall.
Victory March, London 19th July 1919.
Image source of © IWM (Q 14955)

It had been hoped that by diverting the contingent through France it might be possible for them to arrive at their camp at Hampton Court by the evening of 18 July, the eve of celebrations. But an outbreak of influenza aboard the ships meant it inadvisable to debark in France. Sailing via the straits of Gibraltar they were not expected to arrive before 26 July.

Another contingent of 200 officers and men, hastily despatched from Egypt via France, were expected to arrive at the Hampton Court camp during the evening of 18 July, however they did not arrive until 6pm on Peace Day, so missed the parade.

Colonel Lord, commander of the Horton War Hospital, wrote a book about Horton War Hospital in which he tells us that six men from the Indian Camp at Hampton Court succumbed to influenza.

Four of them were buried in the Commonwealth War Graves Commission plot at Epsom Cemetery, namely Padamdhoj Rai, Durga Din Dichhit, Follower Mohun and Gharty Dharman Singh. The other two were Muslims and were buried in a special Muslim cemetery at Horsel Common, Woking. They were Amir Ali (GRO reference: Ameer Ali Sep 1919 (32) Epsom 2a 50), and Babu (GRO reference: Baboo Male Sep 1919 (30) Epsom 2a 57. In the 1960s, due to vandalism, all the Muslim burials were removed to Brookwood Military Cemetery.

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DONHUE John Knightly, Private. 2823.

1/2 London Regiment (Royal Fusiliers).
Killed in Action 1 July 1916, aged 18.

John Knightly Donhue
John Knightly Donhue
Image courtesy of Ann Marshall © 2011

John Knightly (also spelt Knightley) Donhue was born in 1898 (GRO reference: Mar 1898 Kensington 1a 126 to John Knightley and Mary Bessie Donhue (nee Child). John's parents were married on 11 March 1894, in the St Marylebone registration district, and went on to raise seven children.

JOHN KNIGHTLY DONHUE AND HIS SIBLINGS
Name Born - Died Notes
Arthur John Born: 1894 Kensington
Died: 12 February 1949
Attested 31 August 1914. Hussars
Hubert Born: 1896 Kensington
Died: 18 February 1948
Also served, in the AVC
John Knightly Born: 1898 Kensington
Died: 1 July 1916
DoB from his father's Army papers is shown as 18 June 1899 (probably incorrect)
Frederick George Born: 1899 Kensington
Died: 14 January 1981
Attested 9 April 1917 aged 18
Edward Born: 10 February 1901 Epsom  
Kathleen Lucy Born: 10 December 1903 Epsom  
Edith Born: 13 March 1905 Epsom  

In the 1901 census the family lived in Westleigh Cottage, Miles Road, Epsom. John's father, also John was a 30 year old engine fitter. His mother Mary was 29. John had 4 siblings, Arthur John aged 6, Hubert aged 4 Frederick George aged 1, and Edward aged 2 months. (Show as Donhen in Ancestry).

Two more sisters were added to the family, Kathleen Lucy born 10 December 1902, and Edith born 13 March 1905.

The 1911 census shows that the family had moved to 9, Hook Road, Epsom. John's brother Arthur was a 16 year old milkman, and brother Hubert a 15 year old errand boy. John and his other siblings were at school.

The Surrey recruitment registers have information on brothers Arthur and Frederick, but nothing on John or his father. The only service record to survive was that of the father, and on 14 April 1915 he was declared to be permanently unfit for service abroad due to chronic synovitis of the knee (a very painful condition where the joint lining of the knee becomes inflamed).

John Donhue volunteered his services to King and Country in September 1914, walking into the Tufton Street headquarters of the 2nd London Regiment (Royal Fusiliers), and was accepted as Private No. 2823.He would have been about 16 years old at the time, and as the minimum official enlistment age was 17, he probably lied about his age. However, he was assigned for training to the 2nd Battalion, 2/2nd London Regiment (Royal Fusiliers). When the 2/2nd Battalion left England in January 1915 for the Mediterranean theatre, John was transferred to the 3rd Battalion for his training to continue. Perhaps his true age had been established, and the Regiment decided to adhere to the rules.

John remained with a training Battalion for longer than usual, about 18 months. Generally at this time 6 months was the norm, and again this was probably due to his young age. Eventually in April 1916 he was sent to France with a reinforcement draft to join the 1st Battalion in the field at the Artois village of Sericourt, where it is in training for the forthcoming Somme offensive. He was assigned to "A" Company. John would still have only been 18, despite the official age for fighting overseas at that time being 19.

The 1/2 Battalion London Regiment was in the 169th brigade in the 56th division. On 1 July, with the 46th division, the 56th division was to attack the Gommecourt salient, on the Somme battlefield.

At the northernmost extent of the Somme battlefield the German trenches formed a salient into British lines around Gommecourt Park. The attack on the Gommecourt salient was not considered part of the main Somme thrust, it was supposed to act as a diversion, drawing off German resources that might otherwise have been used further south. The 46th division attacked the salient from the north, whilst the 56th division attacked from the south. The 56th division commenced its attack at 7.30am, but John's battalion was held in reserve until 2pm, when 2 companies were sent in as reinforcements. They attacked through an artillery barrage and were cut down by machine gun fire.

169 men from the 1/2 London Regiment were killed on 1 July 1916.

John's Death Certificate - Click to enlarge
John's Death Certificate - Click to enlarge
Image courtesy of Ann Marshall © 2011

John's medal card shows he was awarded the British War medal and the Victory medal.

The CWGC tells us that he was the son of John and Mary Donhue, of 9, Hook Road, Epsom.

The St Martin's church roll of honour states that "JOHN KNIGHTLEY DONHUE was only 16 years of age in the year 1914 when he, his father and three brothers all joined the Army. He was reported missing during the first advance on the Somme, and was officially presumed killed in action on the 1st July 1916".

He is commemorated on the Thiepval Memorial pier 16B.

Private Donhue's inscription on the Thiepval Memorial
Private Donhue's inscription on the Thiepval Memorial
Image courtesy of Clive Gilbert © 2008

With thanks to Ajax Bardrick for supplying additional information.

EP SM

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DORAN Joseph, Sergeant. 65707.

Royal Army Medical Corps (RAMC).
Died 24 January 1918, aged 38.

Joseph's grave in Epsom Cemetery
Joseph's grave in Epsom Cemetery
Image courtesy of Clive Gilbert © 2010

Joseph Doran was born in 1880 in Reading (GRO reference: Mar 1880 Reading 2c 387) to William and Alice Doran. William and Alice were both born in Ireland, and probably married in Ireland.

In the 1881 census the family lived at 22, Queens Cottages, Queens Road, Reading. Joseph's father was a 43 year old musician, and his mother was a 34 year old laundress. He had 6 siblings, Martha aged 17, a tailoress, John aged 14, a stable boy, William aged 12, Alice aged 5 and Sarah aged 3.

By 1891 the family had moved to 153, Ring Road, Reading. Alice now 15 was working as a domestic servant, and another sibling, Frances aged 9, had been born.

In 1901 Joseph, now aged 22 was working as an attendant at the London County Lunatic Asylum at Ilford.

Joseph married Ada Annie Coulson on 3 March 1904 at Romford, Essex. They had 2 children, Lionel Sydney Maitland Doran born on 3 October 1905 in Chigwell, Essex, and Olive Christina Maitland born on 31 July 1908 in Epsom. In 1911 they were living at Ferndale, Chessington Road, West Ewell. Joseph was then a Head Night Attendant. They had a boarder, 7 year old Thomas Henry Reardon.

Joseph attested on 11 September 1915 at Kingston, giving his age as 34 years and 9 months. He was 5 feet 8½ inches tall, weighed 128 lbs, had a chest measurement of 36½ inches with an expansion of 4 inches, and had a scar on the left side of his neck. He had been born in Reading, was a qualified nurse, and lived at 26, Hook Road.

Joseph joined the RAMC, presumably because of his nursing skills, and on 24 September 1915 was assigned to the 103rd Field Ambulance (FA). On 6 October 1915 he was appointed Acting Sergeant with pay, and on 22 November he was promoted full Sergeant. On 11 January 1916 Joseph was sent to France to serve with the 103rd FA, part of the 103rd Brigade in the 34th Division. The 103rd Brigade was known as the Tyneside Irish Brigade. Its 4 Battalions, the 24th, 25th, 26th and 27th Battalions Northumberland Fusiliers, were largely recruited from the Irish communities living near the river Tyne. The Brigade was to suffer terribly on 1 July 1916 when almost 600 men lost their lives. Joseph, no doubt would have tended many of the wounded.

Joseph suffered with heart problems that were first revealed on 12 July 1916, and by 16 July he could no longer carry out his military duties. On 26 September 1916 he was deemed by the medical authorities to be unfit for any kind of military service, and that it was caused by severe strain whilst on active service. He was honourably discharged and granted the 'Silver War Badge' (SWB).

Joseph died on 24 January 1918 and was buried in plot H53 in Epsom Cemetery on 30 January 1918. He does not appear in the Commonwealth War Graves Commission records, presumably because he was not a soldier at the time of his death, even though his death ultimately was caused by the war.

EP LGH

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DOUBLEDAY Percy John, Private. 68395.

25th Canadian Infantry (Nova Scotia Regiment).
Killed in Action 18 July 1917, aged 29.

Percy John Doubleday
Percy John Doubleday
Image Source Canadian Virtual War Memorial.
(Link opens in a new window)

Percy John Doubleday was born on 15 June 1888 in Halifax, Nova Scotia, the son of Percival John and Deborah Doubleday. Percy's father had been born in Southwell, Nottingham, England in 1859 and had moved to Halifax, Nova Scotia by 1884. He married Percy's mother Deborah Harnisch in 1887 and had eight sons, including Percy, and two daughters by her. Percival was also known as Percy and lived at 138 Argyle Street, Halifax, Nova Scotia; he was also a soldier at the time of his son Percy's marriage in Epsom, Surrey, England.

Percy had had 4 brothers who also served:
Charles Walter who enlisted in 1914, joined the 24 Battalion in France and was badly wounded on 21 September 1916 at Courcelette, Somme. Invalided to England.
Herbert George, who went overseas with the 40 Battalion on 28 July 1915 when under age at 16 years. He was badly gassed in June 1916 just before the Somme battle.
Albert Edward joined the RCR in June 1916, but became ill shortly afterwards and was discharged.
Robert, enlisted 2 September 1916 but did not serve overseas.
Percy and his four brothers
Percy and his four brothers.
Image Source Canadian Virtual War Memorial.
(Link opens in a new window)

Percy attested on 12 March 1915. He was 5 feet 4 ½ inches tall, had a chest measurement of 35 inches, with an expansion of 3 inches. His complexion was dark, and his hair and eyes were both brown. He had a scar on the outer side of his right shin, a vaccination mark on his left arm and a small scar on the base of his left thumb. He was considered 'fit for the Canadian Over-Seas Expeditionary Force'. He gave his religion as Church of England, and his 'Trade or Calling' as a Steeplejack.


Percy and his wife Carrie taken at Epsom, in 1917.
Percy and his wife Carrie taken at Epsom, in 1917.
Image Source Canadian Virtual War Memorial.
(Link opens in a new window)

Percy saw action on the Somme and at Vimy Ridge. He was wounded and evacuated to England in 1917. Percy must have received exceptional nursing care, presumably whilst at the Horton War Hospital, as he married his nurse Caroline Taylor on 8 February 1917 in St. Barnabas church, Temple Road, Epsom. Their marriage certificate shows that at the time of their marriage Caroline, aged 34, was living at 35, Horton Hill Terrace, Epsom and that 29-year-old Percy had been moved on to the 'Canadian Command, Depot 57' in Hastings, Sussex. This was where convalesced Canadian soldiers were 'hardened off' with physical training and route marches before being returned to their units or back into 'Civvy Street' if they were deemed no longer fit for military service.

Percy's headstone in the Loos British Cemetery
Percy's headstone in the Loos British Cemetery
Image courtesy of Clive Gilbert © 2010

Percy was originally buried in Lievin Station cemetery, half a mile west of Lens. After the armistice his body was exhumed, and reburied in plot XIX. D. 3. in the Loos British Cemetery. Another fifty nine soldiers were exhumed from Lievin Station cemetery and reburied at Loos.

EP SB
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DOWN Francis James, Private. 11467.

9th Battalion Devonshire Regiment.
Killed in Action 30 September 1915, aged 19.

Francis' inscription on the Dud Corner memorial
Francis' inscription on the Dud Corner memorial
Image courtesy of Clive Gilbert © 2013

Francis James Down was born in Croydon in 1897 (GRO Reference: Jun 1896 Croydon 2a 291), the son of Frank and Ann Maria Down (nee Bustens(sic)). His parents had married in 1893 in Croydon Surrey. Francis' older sister Nellie Mary was born there the following year.

The family had moved to Epsom by 1901 and were living in 31, Smithers Cottages, Miles Road, Epsom, Surrey along with Francis' 69-year-old maternal grandmother Lydia Bustins, 34-year-old aunt Christiana Bustins and 37-year-old uncle James Bustins. Both Francis' father and uncle worked as gardeners while his aunt worked as a domestic housemaid. Later that year another sister, Gertrude May, was born. She only lived for 16 hours and was buried in Epsom cemetery on 27 December in grave number F10. In 1906 another sister, named Grace Mildred, was born.

The 1911 census required that each head of household personally filled in the census form. Still living at 31, Miles Road, Francis' 41-year-old father Frank duly filled in his census form stating that he and his 42-year-old wife Ann had been married for 14 years and had had 4 children, one of whom had died. He wrote that their 16-year-old daughter Nellie was working as a dressmaker and that Francis, aged 14, had become a solicitor's clerk for the Epsom Urban Council. Also noted living there were their 5-year-old daughter, Grace Mildred and his 47-year-old unmarried brother-in-law James, who was still working as a gardener.

Information from Francis' medal card shows that when he enlisted he used the name 'Frank Down'. He went to France on 27 July 1915 and was killed in action 65 days later on 30 September 1915.

The CWGC shows him as being in the 9th Battalion Devonshire Regiment whilst the Soldiers Died CD and his medal card both show the 8th Battalion. However, both battalions were in the 20th Brigade, 7th Division and both attacked in the early stages of the Battle of Loos, which commenced on 25 September 1915. In this battle the British used poison gas for the first time, but with varied success. The wind had to be in the right direction to cause it to be blown towards the enemy, but in places the wind was changeable and some blew back causing some casualties to British soldiers.

The Soldiers Died CD tells us that between 25 to 30 September 1915 the 8th and 9th Battalions Devonshire Regiment had 428 men killed, including Francis (Frank), killed in action on 30 September. He has no known grave and is commemorated on the Loos Memorial to the missing (Devonshire panels 35 to 37).

Francis' inscription on his parents grave in Epsom Cemetery
Francis' inscription on his parents grave in Epsom Cemetery
Image courtesy of Clive Gilbert © 2012

Francis was awarded the 1915 Star, the British War medal and the Victory medal.

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Epilogue:

Francis' older sister Nellie Mary married Frederick N Jones in 1922, while his younger sister Grace Mildred married James F C Wright in 1930, both in Epsom.

Francis' father Frank died on 28 November 1932 and his mother Ann Maria died on 9 August 1952. Both are buried in Epsom cemetery in plot F466 and Francis is also remembered on his parents' grave. Next to this is the grave of Francis' maternal grandmother Lydia, aunt Christiana and uncle James Bustins.

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DOWNIE George Hunter, Private. 6472.

1st (King's) Dragoon Guards.
Died 16 March 1916, aged 27.

George's headstone in St Riquier British Cemetery
George's headstone in St Riquier British Cemetery
Image courtesy of Clive Gilbert © 2012

George Hunter Downie was born in 15 East Antham Street, Canongate, Edinburgh at 1.25pm on 17 April 1887. His parents Peter and Georgina Downie, who were paternal cousins, had married in Edinburgh on 24 September 1886. George's father was a journeyman tailor.

GEORGE HUNTER DOWNIE AND HIS SIBLINGS
Name Born - Died Notes
George Hunter Born: 17 April 1887 Canongate
Died: 16 March 1916 France
 
David Stewart Born: 1890 Duddingston & Portobello
Died: 3 October 1916 Mesopotamia
Buried: Basra War Cemetery Iraq
1911 - Serving with 13th Hussars in India. Service no. 3491
Robert Mason Born: 1893 Canongate  
Peter Grant Born: 1894 Canongate 1911-1913 - Private No 6947 in King's Own Scottish Borders
14-8-1914 to 21-12-1915. SWB No. 412716. Later served in the Merchant Navy.
Georgina Traffo Born: 1896 Canongate  
Isabella Grant Born: 1900 Edinburgh Half sister

In 1891 George and his younger brother David were living with their parents at 5 Ramsay Place, Duddingston, Midlothian.

Following the birth of George's sister Georgina, his mother was aged 31 when she died on 24 April 1896 from puerperal fever and pneumonia. On 25 June 1897 George's father married 33 year old spinster Jane Herkes.

When the 1901 Scottish census was taken, 14 year old George and his family were living at 25 Maryfield, Canongate. His father was now aged 36, his stepmother Jane was 37 and his siblings David S. was aged 11, Robert M. aged 8, Peter G. aged 6, Georgina T. aged 4 and Isabella H. aged 1.

Aged 24, George appears in the 1911 census as a Private in the 1st (Kings) Dragoon Guards stationed in India.

The Soldiers Died CD tells us that he enlisted in Edinburgh, and that he lived in Leith, Edinburgh. I suspect that he joined the colours at a quite young age, served a few years and then joined the reserve. He may have left the Army to join the staff of the Horton Asylum (opened 1903), as his name appears in a book produced by the London County Council after the war, called 'RECORD OF WAR SERVICE London County Council Staff 1914-1918'. Page 33 states that 'G.H. Downie (5th Drag. Gds., Asylums) died on 16 March 1916', followed with an appendix on page 198 which lists George with all those who served from the Horton Mental Hospital, and has the following entry 'Downie, George Hunter (1914-1916) Private, Dragoon Guards; France 13 months; Died of wounds 16 March 1916'.

George's medal card shows that he entered a theatre of war on 15 August 1914. The website of the Dragoon Guards tells us that they mobilised on 3 August 1914, 2 days before the rest of the country, and that reservists made up 36% of Regimental strength. Mobilisation was completed by 10 August 1914, and they sailed from Southampton on Minneapolis, arriving at Le Havre by the evening of 16 August.

In the now disused chapel in the grounds of the former Horton Asylum is a memorial to 15 staff from the Horton mental hospital who lost their lives in the Great War, but George Downie is not one of them.

As already mentioned, his medal card states he entered a theatre of war on 15 August 1914. It also tells us he received the 1914 star (with clasp) British War medal and the Victory medal. In the remarks space is written 'Died (S.I.W.) 16.3.16'. So George, one of the first to go to France, one of the first to come under enemy fire, and having spent over a year and a half in France, was recorded as dying from a self-inflicted wound. The first three months of 1916 were a quite period for the Dragoons. The Soldiers Died CD shows '1 Killed in Action, 3 Died of Wounds and George Downie, Died'. Was his name left off the Horton Mental Hospital Roll of Honour because he died from a self-inflicted wound?

George is buried in St Riquier British Cemetery, plot C. 6.

St Riquier British Cemetery
St Riquier British Cemetery
Two views of St Riquier British Cemetery
Images courtesy of Clive Gilbert © 2012

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DUFFETT Albert George, D.C.M. Sergeant. 67925.

2nd Battalion Canadian Machine Gun Corps.
Died of Wounds 18 October 1916, aged 29.


Albert George Duffett
Albert George Duffett
Image courtesy of Church Lads' Brigade Magazine

Albert George Duffett was born on 14 December 1888 in St Johns, Newfoundland, Canada.

According to a family tree on Ancestry, he was the son of George and his second wife, Mary Duffett, (nee Diamond), who had married on 8 January 1883 in St. Barnabas Church, Bay de Verde, Conception Bay, Newfoundland. Albert had three full siblings, Simeon who was born on 25 October 1884, Lilian who was born on 4 March 1889 and Eva Muriel born on 7 January 1897.

On 28 November 1914, unmarried Albert attested in Halifax into the Canadian Overseas Expeditionary Force. He gave his age as 27 years 11 months and 'Geo. Duffett of 41 Spencer St. St. Johns' as his next of kin. He was 5 feet 10 inches tall with a chest measurement, when fully expanded, of 41 inches. He had grey coloured eyes and fair hair; his complexion was described as sanguine (a healthy, reddish colour; ruddy) and he worked as an engineer. No religion was recorded.

Albert sailed from Halifax, Canada on 20 May 1915 aboard SS Saxonia, and arrived in England on 29 May. On 24 June was sent on a machine gun course at Dibgate Camp near Folkestone, and was promoted to the rank of Sergeant on 1 July. He embarked for France on 15 September, arriving at Havre the same day. On 15 December he was transferred from the 25th Battalion to the 5th Machine Gun Company. He was admitted to No.4 Canadian Field Ambulance on 26 April 1916 suffering with Myalgia (muscle pain) to his back, and was discharged to duty on 5 May.

On 17 June, whilst fighting near Ypres, Albert received a gun shot wound that fractured his skull. On 21 June he was operated on at a hospital in Poperinge, and on 22 June he was admitted to No.18 General hospital at Camiers, from where he was evacuated back to England and admitted to the military hospital at Colchester on 8 July. He was then transferred to Woodcote Park Canadian Convalescent Hospital on 24 August and thence to Horton War Hospital on 28 August. By 2 October Albert was declared to be dangerously ill and on 18 October 1916 he died from the gunshot wound that had fractured his skull.

He was buried in grave K646 in the CWGC plot in Epsom Cemetery on 21 October 1916 and is remembered on the Screen Wall there.

Albert's inscription on the CWGC memorial Epsom.
Albert's inscription on the CWGC memorial Epsom.
Image courtesy of Clive Gilbert © 2016

In recognition of his bravery during the action in which he was wounded and subsequently died, Albert was awarded the Distinguished Conduct Medal. Back home, the local 'Sports and Pastimes in Newfoundland' paper reported the following:

Sergt. A. G. Duffett, D.C.M.
"A GENTLEMAN IN LIFE; a gentleman in Death." More fitting words could not be applied to the late Sergeant Albert George Duffett, who gave his life so England might live.
      Everybody in St. John's know A. Duffett. In brigade circles his name was a household word, for he was an expert oarsman and was one of the famous C.L.B. crews a few years ago.
      When war broke out he was second engineer of the S.S. Stephano and in November 1914, resigned his position and enlisted with the 25th Battalion Canadian Army at Halifax. He was assigned to the machine gun section and in May of last year went to France, and for thirteen months was in many fierce engagements but escaped uninjured.
      On June 27th last, he performed the heroic deed which won for him the Distinguished Conduct Medal and also the wound which caused his death. His chums had been killed; he had been advised to retreat. To do so might mean disaster to his regiment, and so the brave young soldier held on. Wounded as he was, he continued firing his weapon, killing the enemy by the score. His valor saved the day, and he was honoured by his King; but on October 18th he died as a result of wounds.
      In a quiet English churchyard, among other brave heroes, he sleeps, to await the final Call. Long after peace is declared, the valiant deeds of Sergt. Duffett will be told, and generations yet unborn will be proud of the Newfoundland athlete who fought such a glorious fight and died such a noble death. He is dead, but his memory will live for ever.
Albert's award of the DCM was announced in London Gazette dated 19 August 1916 and reads as follows:

For conspicuous bravery whilst in charge of two machine guns. During a heavy bombardment he was buried by a shell, and although ordered to leave the trenches he remained on duty. Later he was wounded in the head by shrapnel, and again refused to leave his guns until compelled by the seriousness of his wounds. His splendid example at a critical time encouraged all ranks with him.
Albert's 1915 Star, British War medal, Victory medal, plaque, scroll and Canadian Memorial Cross were sent to his parents, in the early 1920s, at 52 Chancery Street, Massachusetts, USA.

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DUFFUS Gordon Charles, 2nd Lieutenant.

'A' Battery, 235th (London) Brigade, Royal Field Artillery (RFA).
Killed in action 16 January 1917, aged 32.

Gordon's headstone in the Dickebusch New Military Cemetery, Belgium.
Gordon's headstone in the Dickebusch New Military Cemetery, Belgium.
Images courtesy of Clive Gilbert © 2014

Gordon Charles Duffus was born on 4 October 1884 in the Hendon registration district (GRO reference: Dec 1884 Hendon 3a 177), the son of Scottish born Alexander Scott and Bessie Duffas (nee Cooke). His parents married in 1878 in the Islington registration district and had four children, Alexander Scott born 1878, James Edward born 1881, Gordon Charles and Vida Helen born 1887.

Gordon's parents returned to his mother's hometown of East Lydford, Somerset to have his older brothers baptised on 26 June 1881. Gordon himself was baptised there on 28 June 1885.

His mother Bessie died aged 34 in 1889 in Eton, Buckinghamshire.

When the 1891 census was taken 6 year old Gordon was living with his 33 year old widowed father and siblings Alexander aged 12, James aged 9 and Vida aged 4 at 62 St. Germans Road, Forrest Hill, Lewisham. Also living there were his paternal aunts Elizabeth and Helen Duffus. His father was working as an oil merchant's clerk to support his family.

They were all still living at the same address ten years later when the 1901 census was taken. Gordon, his father and brothers were all working as commercial clerks and his aunts as schoolteachers while Vida attended school.

Gordon was aged 26 and working as a manager of a petroleum firm when the 1911 census was taken. He and his siblings, James aged 29 and Vida aged 24, were living alone at 33 St. Germans Road, Forest Hill S. E. His brother James was working as a printing and advertising agent while Vida worked as a civil servant clerk. Their father and aunts were away in Bognor.

Gordon arrived in Southampton Dock on 15 November 1912 having sailed 1st class from Buenos Aires, Argentina.

On 20 May 1915 Gordon attested into the Inns of Court Officer Training Corps (OTC), becoming Private No. 3686. He gave his address as 'Beverley' Grove Road, Sutton, Surrey and his religion as Presbyterian. He was 5 feet 9 inches tall and had a chest measurement of 39 inches with an expansion of 2¾ inches.

Gordon was not with the Inns of Court OTC for very long. He applied for a commission on 10 August 1915 in the Territorial Force, which was granted on 21 August. He completed the application form stating that he was 5 feet 10½ inches tall, had been educated at Stafford College, Forest Hill, London, was in the oil mining business and that he was a Private in the Inns of Court OTC.

Gordon went to France on 20 March 1916, was killed in action on 16 January 1917 and is buried in grave L33 in Dickebusch New Military Cemetery, Belgium. No major battles were being fought at the time so presumably he was a victim of the never ceasing attrition from shelling, sniping or trench raids.

As Gordon's father died two months later on 15 March 1917, Gordon's British War medal and Victory medal were sent to his brother Alexander Scott Duffus who was living in Warlingham, Surrey.

Gordon's Probate record reads:
DUFFUS Gordon Charles of Beverley Grove Road Sutton Surrey second lieutenant 5th London Brigade R.F.A. died 16 January 1917 in Belgium killed in action. Probate London 30 May to James Edward Duffus contractor. Effects valued at 16241 16s. 4d.
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DUGGAN Robert, Private. 25453.

8th Battalion Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers.
Died of Wounds 9/10 October 1916, aged 36.


Robert's inscription on the CWGC memorial Epsom.
Robert's inscription on the CWGC memorial Epsom.
Image courtesy of Clive Gilbert © 2016

Robert Ravey Duggan was born in 1881 in Whitehouse, County Antrim, Ireland (Ireland, Civil Registration Indexes: Jun 1881 Belfast Vol 1 Page 389). His surname however, has also been recorded as Dougan. He was the son of William and Margaret Duggan.

On 13 December 1900, recorded as Robert Rivey Dougan and giving his trade as a painter and St. Peters, Belfast, Antrim, as his birthplace, Robert attested in Stratford into the Royal Garrison Artillery and given the service number 6429. At his medical he was recorded as being 19 years old, 5feet 7 inches tall, slightly built with a chest measurement of 35 inches and weighing 145lbs. He had a fresh complexion, dark brown hair and hazel coloured eyes. It was also noted that his religion was Roman Catholic and that he had a scar on his knee and a mole on the back of his left ear. Although he had been vaccinated in childhood, he was revaccinated on 15 December. His next-of-kin were recorded as father William, mother Elizabeth and younger brother Frank of 18 Orney Street, Belfast, Ireland.

On 22 February 1901, Robert was punished with 3 days CB for 'hesitating to obey an order'. Later, on 9 March 1901, he was imprisoned for 96 hours for 'direct disobedience of orders' the day before. Noted as being a Gunner in the Royal Garrison Artillery, Robert was a patient in the District Military/Station Hospital in Alverstoke, Hampshire when the 1901 census was taken. He was there from 25 March to 20 April suffering from severe sycosis, a chronic deep infection of the hair follicles around the chin area that irritates and pustulates.

On 24 October 1901 a Court of Enquiry assembled in Fort Grange and declared that 'R.G.A. 6429 Gnr R. Dougan 20 Coy SDR RGA is illegally absent since October 2nd 1901, and still absent and that he is deficient of the following articles of equipment, clothing etc.' A very long and detailed list was then recorded, and Robert was declared a Deserter.

In 1905, Robert married Ellen Walls in Lurgan, Ireland. Their daughter May was born on 11 July 1908 and their son William John was born in December 1910.

The family was recorded as living in Arthur Street, Amagh when the Irish 1911 census was taken. Robert was recorded as being able to read and write, and speak English and Irish. He was working again as a painter to support his family. His son William, was recorded as being one year old when he died later that year and Ellen his wife was aged 33 when she died in the latter part of 1912.

The 8th Battalion Royal Innisklilling Fusiliers went to France in February 1916 part of the 49th Brigade, 16th (Irish) division. The battalion fought in the Battle of the Somme, specifically the Battle of Guillemont (3 - 6 September), in which 14 of the battalion died, and the Battle of Ginchy (9 September), in which 42 of the battalion died. It is likely that Robert was wounded in one of these phases of the Battle of the Somme.

The 'Soldier's Died' records show that Robert Duggan was born in Whitehouse, County Antrim. Also recorded is that he enlisted in Londonderry as Private 25453 in the Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers, and that he died of wounds at 'Home' on 10 October 1916. However, the CWGC records that Robert died on 9 October 1916.

After Robert died in Horton War Hospital, his body was buried on 14 October in grave K646 in Epsom Cemetery, where he is commemorated on the Screen Wall. He shares grave K646 with eight other soldiers.

Robert was awarded the British War medal and Victory medal. Note: His name is spelt Duggans on his medal card.

The 'Soldiers Effects' records show that Robert's daughter was awarded the sum of £12 8s 7d on 17 May 1917, and a further sum of £4 0s 0d on 24 September 1919 when she would only have been 11 years old.

Who looked after May, his eight year old daughter, is unknown but she later married and had children; she died in 1986 in Corby, Northamptonshire, England.

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DUKE Frank Stanley, Lance Corporal. 2365.

4th Battalion Middlesex Regiment.
Killed in Action 14 August 1915, aged 25.

Frank's headstone in the Woods Cemetery
Frank's headstone in the Woods Cemetery
Image courtesy of Clive Gilbert © 2010

Frank Stanley Duke was born in St Leonards in 1890 (GRO reference: Sep 1890 Hastings 2b 38) to David and Eliza Duke (nee Lacy). His parents were married in the Maidstone registration district in 1876.

In the 1881 census, before Frank was born, the family lived at 25, Gensing Road, St Leonards, Hastings. His father was a 31 year old 'eating house keeper'. His mother was 29, and he had three siblings, Mildred aged 3, David John aged 2 and Harry Carlton aged 11 months.

By 1891 the family had moved to 44, North Street, not far from Gensing Road. His father was still running an eating house, and brother David was a 12 year old waiter, presumably at Dad's café? Another 4 siblings had arrived, Godfrey Charles aged 8, Mabel Eliza aged 5, Percival Walter aged 4, and Ida Dorothy aged 2. Frank was the youngest in the household at 10 months.

In 1901 they lived at 23, Alfred Street, not far from North Street. Frank's mother Eliza, a charwoman, was now the head of the family, as father David had died in 1896 aged 44. Brother Godfrey was a 19 year old grocer's porter, Percival was a 14 year old bottle labeller working in a cellar, and another sibling had arrived, George Robert.

The 1911 census shows the family living at 2, Cross Street, again a move within a very small area of St Leonards. Mother Eliza was still the head of the family, being supported by her sons. Brother Godfrey was still working as a grocer's porter, Percy was a window cleaner, Frank himself was a barman, and George was a plumber and gas fitter. Eliza stated that she had borne 10 children and that 8 were still alive. The censuses reveal only 9, so presumably one of her children died in infancy.

Frank attested in Kingston on 31 August 1914, stating his age as 24 years and 98 days, he was therefore born on 26 May 1890. He was 6 feet ½ inch tall, weighed 168 lbs and had a chest measurement of 37 inches with an expansion of 3 inches. He was a labourer, had a fresh complexion, had been vaccinated in infancy, had perfect 6/6 vision, and his religion was C of E.

Frank was given service number 2365 and assigned to the 5th Battalion Middlesex Regiment, a Depot and training unit. On 4 November 1914 he was made Lance Corporal, and on 19 January 1915 he was transferred to the 4th Battalion Middlesex Regiment and sent to France. The 4th Battalion at that time was in the 8th Brigade, 3rd Division.

On 14 August 1915 the 4th Battalion Middlesex Regiment were holding trenches near Hooge, south west of Ypres. The following is an extract from the war diary for 14 August 1915:
Quiet day until 6pm when our howitzers and some Belgium field guns fired on places supposed to be trench mortar emplacements. This drew the enemy's fire and they sent over a lot of bombs but did little damage. The General Commanding 137th Brigade, the Chief of the 3rd Divisional staff, the C.O. and adjutant of the 1/5 South Staffords looked round our trenches also the Brigade Sanitation officer. One man killed and one wounded during the day.
The Soldiers Died CD tells us that only one man from the battalion was killed that day, so presumably it was Frank Stanley Duke. Frank is buried in plot I. A. 24. Woods Cemetery, Belgium.

On 25 April 1919 Frank's mother completed Army Form W.5080, a statement of all living close relatives of a deceased soldier. She entered the names of Mildred, David and George. So of her 10 children she outlived at least 7 of them.

George was probably the one who put forward Frank's name for inclusion on the Ashley Road memorial as his address is given as 76, Lower Court Road, Epsom, Surrey. Possibly Frank was living with his brother at the time of his enlistment. Frank is also commemorated on the St. Barnabas Roll of Honour, and the Hastings, Sussex War Memorial.

Frank was awarded the 1914 - 1915 Star, the British War medal and the Victory medal. His mother received them separately in three different parcels between 15 July 1920 and 16 February 1921.

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DULAKE, David Henry, Private. 242015 (previously 5789).

2/5th Battalion Gloucestershire Regiment.
Formerly 964, Essex Cyclist Battalion.

Killed in Action 4 September 1917, aged 19.

David's inscription on the Tyne Cot memorial to the missing
David's inscription on the Tyne Cot memorial to the missing
Image courtesy of Clive Gilbert © 2013

It is believed that the name 'DULAKE H', appearing on Epsom's Ashley Road memorial, refers to David Henry Dulake, and the following information is based on that belief.

Census records indicate that David was born in 1898 in Peckham, London, but no GRO birth reference has been found for him. However there is a reference for a David Edward Dulake (GRO reference: Jun 1897 Camberwell 1d 907). David's parents Albert David and Florence Priscilla Dulake (nee James) married on 14 May 1894 in All Saints church, Walworth.

David's only surviving sibling, Leonard, was born in 1900 in Peckham.

David and his family were living at 26, Middle Street, Peckham when the 1901 census was taken. Also living there was David's 55 year old widowed grandmother Mary Ann Dulake and his 20 year old uncle Sidney Dulake. His father was working from home as a news-vendor and uncle Sidney delivered newspapers.

On 30 June 1902, Cator Street School admission records show that David, who was still living at 26 Middle Street, Peckham, was born on 21 May 1897. Strangely his father was recorded as 'Henry' on the school record.

David was aged 13 when the 1911 census was taken. By now the family had moved to 105, Trafalgar Road, Old Kent Road, where his father continued his newspaper business along with his grandmother Mary Ann. Although still at school, David was also a newsboy delivering papers. His father had also noted that he and David's mother had been married for 17 years and had had 3 children during that time, but one had died. David left his school on 19 May 1911.

David's service record has not survived but the Soldiers Died CD shows that he initially served as No. 963 in an Essex Cyclist battalion. The 1/8th, 2/8th and 3/8th battalions of the Essex regiment were all designated as 'Cyclist' battalions, see the Long Long Trail website.

David later transferred to the 2/5th Battalion Gloucestershire regiment with service number 5789, which was later changed to 242015 when the Territorial Army was renumbered in early 1917. The 2/5th Gloucesters were in the 184 Brigade, 61st (South Midland) Division and fought in the Third Battle of Ypres, also known as the Battle of Passchendaele. David was killed in action on 4 September 1917 and as he has no known grave he is commemorated on the Tyne Cot memorial to the missing. Three other men from his battalion lost their lives that day.

David was awarded the British War medal and the Victory medal.

On 7 April 1921 David's will was sent to Somerset House. On the Soldier's Effects record a not was added on 18 April to the effect that Albert David, father, Florence Edith, mother, and his brother Leonard were joint legatees.

As there is no evidence of David Henry Dulake having ever lived in Epsom, who put forward the name DULAKE H. to be added to the memorial?

On 21 April 1897 David's father's cousin, Mary Ann Dulake, married widowed David Corbett in St. Martin of Tours church, Epsom; they had one child, Robert Redvers Corbett. (David Corbett's nephew Fred Corbett also died and is remembered on the Epsom Post Office Great War memorial). David Corbett, caretaker of the Epsom Wesleyan chapel, died in 1914 and his widow Mary Ann 1949; they were both buried in Epsom Cemetery.

It is believed that it was Mary Ann Corbett, his first cousin once removed, who wished for his name 'Dulake H.' to be added to the Epsom Great War memorial in Ashley Road. It is not known why this was not added as 'Dulake D.H.', but as Mary's husband was also named David, perhaps she used 'Henry' to avoid confusion when David Henry Dulake was referred to.

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DUMAIS Joseph Jules, Sapper. 1021252.

7th Battalion Canadian Infantry.
Died 2 February 1918, aged 24.


Joseph's inscription on the CWGC memorial Epsom.
Joseph's inscription on the CWGC memorial Epsom.
Image courtesy of Clive Gilbert © 2016

Joseph Jules Dumais was born on 14 September 1893 at, Lorrainville, Quebec, Canada, the son of Jules and Marie Angele Dumais (nee Cote). His parents had married on 13 July 1891 in Ville-Marie, Quebec.

Joseph's sister Marie Madeline Emma was born in 1894. Their mother died in 1898 but the whereabouts in 1901, when the Canadian census was taken, of Joseph, his father and sister is not known.

In 1905 Joseph's father married Arline De Lahaye.

The 1911 Canadian census finds 17 year old Jules living with his father, stepmother and 16 year old sister Madeleine, in the Pontias district of Quebec. Madeline married Dollard Thibault on 16 March 1916.

Joseph first attested on 15 November 1916 at Winnipeg, using only his second name Jules, and gave his date of birth as 14 September 1893. His father lived at Ville-Marie, Temiskamingue, Quebec, and was Joseph's next-of-kin. Joseph (Jules), an unmarried farmer was 5 feet 6 inches tall, had a chest measurement of 36 inches with an expansion of 2 inches. He had a dark complexion, light blue eyes, black hair, his religion was Roman Catholic, and he was assigned to the 233 Battalion C.E.F. with service number 1021252. He was with this unit until 6 February 1917 but was discharged on 11 April as he was no longer Physically fit for War Service.

Joseph attested again on 24 April 1917 in Montreal but this time his attestation papers were in French. He stated that he was not married, had worked as a 'Cultivateur' (farmer) and that he had previously served for 5 months with the 233rd Battalion Canadian Expeditionary Force. This time his year of birth was recorded as 1894. He was 5 feet 7 inches tall, had a chest measurement of 38 inches with an expansion of 3 inches, black hair, blue eyes, a dark complexion and his religion was Roman Catholic. On 3 May 1917, just 3 weeks after being discharged as no longer fit for military service, he was declared fit by a Medical Board which stated that he had perfect 20/20 vision and that his hearing was OK.

Joseph embarked from Halifax, Canada on 24 June 1917 aboard SS Justica and disembarked in Liverpool on 4 July. The next day he was taken on the strength of the Canadian Railway Troops (CRT) depot at Purfleet. On 8 September he was sent to France, arriving on 10 September and on 14 September he joined the 10th Battalion CRT as a reinforcement.

On 8 November he was sentenced to 5 days field punishment No.1 and the forfeiture of 2 days pay for:
     when on active service a.w.l. from 5pm 4.11.17 to 6pm 5.11.

It seems that Joseph was not a well man as on 10 November he was admitted to the 13th Field ambulance in France with suspected T.B. He then passed through the 11th Casualty Clearing Station, the 3rd Australian General Hospital, Abbeville and was evacuated to the CRT Depot, Purfleet, England. On 15 November he was admitted to Warren Road War Hospital, Guildford and then on 15 February 1918 to the Canadian Convalescent Camp at Woodcote Park, Epsom, diagnosed with Acute Gastritis. Joseph had a long history of stomach trouble and this was the reason he was previously discharged from the army.

Whilst at Woodcote Park, on 21 February 1918, Joseph had the misfortune to be knocked down by a motor ambulance, causing a rupture of the spleen, internal haemorrhaging and shock. He was admitted to the Manor War Hospital, Epsom but died the same day at 7pm.

Joseph was buried on 27 February in grave K238 in Epsom Cemetery and is commemorated on the Screen Wall.

Joseph's British War medal, Victory medal, Plaque and Scroll were sent to his father and a Canadian Memorial Cross was sent to his mother.

The following was published in the Epsom Advertiser dated 1 March 1918:

SOLDIER ACCIDENTALLY KILLED
     Mr. Gilbert White on Tuesday afternoon held an enquiry at the Manor War Hospital on a Canadian soldier, Pte. Joseph Jules Dumais, who died from injuries received from being knocked down by an ambulance car at Woodcote Park Camp.
     Capt. Cornell said deceased, who was 23 years of age, belonged to the 15th Canadian Railway Construction Corps, and was a patient at Woodcote Park.
     Pte. Vaughan, of the camp staff, said on Thursday morning he was on duty near No. 61 Hut. He heard the hoot of a motor horn from an ambulance car, which struck two men as it was going down the hill. One man jumped clear, although hit on the side, but the other (deceased) when jumping away seemed hit by the right lamp, and was picked up under the left wheel. The car was skidding at the time: the brakes were on. The surface of the road was wet and greasy.
     Corpl. Stroud, a patient, was talking to deceased at 8.15, taking his name for some fatigue work. Before the car charged them the driver shouted out. Witness jumped to the left and deceased tried to follow, but was knocked down.
     Pte. McCartney said the car was not going more than five miles an hour, and was proceeding in a very careful manner. The driver blew his horn.
     Corpl. M. Hammond, in charge of the ambulance car, said the road was full of patients. He was driving slowly, as the men did not respond to the horn, and they never did. When the two men took no notice he shouted and applied the brakes. He was going about five miles an hour, and the car was skidding.
     The jury returned a verdict that death was due to rupture of the spleen, accidentally caused and exonerated the driver from any blame.

Joseph is also remembered on the Manitoba Historical Society Website.

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DUMBRILL Richard, Private. 36505.

1/5 Battalion Loyal North Lancs.
Died 20 September 1920, aged 36.


Richard's inscription on the CWGC memorial Epsom.
Richard's inscription on the CWGC memorial Epsom.
Image courtesy of Clive Gilbert © 2016

Richard Dumbrill was born in Clapham, London in 1883 (GRO reference: Jun 1883 Wandsworth 1d 721).

In the 1891 census Richard was an 'Inmate, Schoolboy' at the Carter Home for destitute boys, 49 High Street, Clapham.

The 1901 census records that 17 year old Richard was a visitor at 4 Princess Street, Southwark, and that he worked as a 'Page Boy'. The head of the family was 33 year old Charles Dineen, a printer, living with his wife Paelune, from Germany, and son Charles. Also recorded as visitors were 20 year old Carrie Welch, a servant, and 25 year old Charles Welch, a milkman.

Richard married Harriett Mary Coles, registered in the June quarter of 1908 in the St. George Hanover Square registration district.

In the 1911 census 29 year old Richard and his 28 year old wife Mary were both servants working for stockbroker Arthur Morley Fletcher at 54 Lexham Gardens, Kensington. Richard was a 'Man Servant' and Mary was a 'Cook'.

It appears that they had two children, Doris Mary and Richard Godfrey John.

Richard's service record has not survived but his medal card tells us that he was awarded the British War medal, Victory medal and the Silver War Badge. He enlisted on 25 May 1917, had served overseas and was discharged from the army on 13 December 1918, due to sickness.

Richard's name appears in the 1920 electoral register for 1920 living with his wife Harriett Mary at 9 Emu Road, Battersea.

Richard died in Long Grove Asylum on 20 September 1920, the cause of death being General Paralysis of the Insane (GPI). He was buried on 25 September 1920 in grave K752 in Epsom Cemetery and is commemorated there on the Screen Wall. He shares the grave with four other soldiers. He is also remembered on the Loyal North Lancashire Regiment Roll of Honour.

The Commonwealth war Graves Commission records the following:
Husband of Harriett Mary Dumbrill, of 9, Emu Road, Queen's Road, Battersea, London. Born at Clapham, London.
To the above entry the following has been added:
(In the same grave is also buried:-Pte. John William Brown, 22919, Norfolk Regt. Died of accidental injuries 23rd Sept., 1922. Age 27. Son of William and Emma Brown, of Springfield Cottages, North Tuddenham, East Dereham Norfolk.).
Richard's widow did not remarry and died in 1972.

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DUNN William Walter, Rifleman. S/5282.

2nd Battalion Rifle Brigade (The Prince Consort's Own).
Killed in Action 16 August 1917, aged 28.

William's inscription on the Tyne Cot Memorial
William's inscription on the Tyne Cot Memorial
Image courtesy of Clive Gilbert © 2010

William Walter Dunn was born in one of the Elizabeth Cottages, Stamford Green, Epsom, on 1 November 1888 (GRO reference: Dec 1888 Epsom 2a 22), to William and Sarah Dunn (nee Simons). William's parents married at Christ Church, Epsom on 4 June 1888.

In the 1891 census the family lived at Railway Side Cottages, Epsom Common. William's father was a 27 year old general dealer, and his mother was 21. William, known as Willie, had a younger brother James, aged 8 months.

In the 1901 census the family address was 1, Railway Cottages, Woodlands Road, Epsom. William's father was now a 36 year old general fruit dealer, working on his own account. His mother was 30, and he had two more siblings, John aged 7, and Alice Maud aged 3 months. Also shown is 15 year old Henry Hoare, a servant and general helper. It is likely that he was a lodger with the Dunn family rather than a servant to them.

The 1911 census shows the family still living at 1, Railway Cottages. William's 42 year old widowed mother was working as a domestic servant. She had been married for 22 years and had four children, all still living. William was working as a general labourer as was his brother James. Brother John aged 17 was working as a van boy for an oil company. Sister Alice aged 10 was still at school. Living with them was boarder, 33 year old Michael Hennessey, a general dealer. Also living with them was 64 year old widow Charlotte Lisney, a self employed tailoress, strangely described as 'occupier'.

Alice Dillon (nee Dunn) taken in the 1930s
Alice Dillon (nee Dunn) taken in the 1930s
Image courtesy of Clive Dunn © 2012

Clive R Dunn, a great nephew of Willie Dunn, has provided the following information:
The Dunn family were poorly educated, had no recognized professions and came from humble beginnings; official documents show that Sarah was still illiterate in her twenties. As far as we know, William and his sons made their livings selling fruit and vegetables from a cart and undertaking general labouring. At some stage, the family began selling wet fish and James would make frequent visits to the fish markets in London by train to collect supplies. Sarah worked at one of the laundries in the Stamford Green area. The laundry business was important to the local economy, with dirty washing being brought down from London by train and returned washed and ironed the same day. The Dunn family also took in lodgers at Railway Cottages to supplement their income. Willie did not marry.

William (Willie's father) died of tuberculosis in January 1911 at the age of 48, and this same condition would claim the life of his son, James, in February 1914. Sarah (Willie's mother) remarried in June 1912 to Michael Hennessey, and shortly afterwards the family moved from Railway Cottages to 13 Pound Lane, Epsom, to open a shop selling greengroceries. It is believed that Willie and John volunteered for Army service within months of the outbreak of the Great War in August 1914. With Willie and John in the Army, and having lost James, Sarah found that she could no longer manage running the greengrocery business and the shop changed to selling confectionery.

Willie's brother, John, survived the war although he received serious shrapnel wounds which permanently damaged one of his lungs. He convalesced at one of the Epsom Hospitals. John married Audrey Deane of 17 Pound Lane, Epsom, on 7th June 1924 and had three children; he also had three children with Kathleen Orford after he had informally separated from Audrey. Alice Maud, Willie's sister, married John Dillon in 1925 who was the brother of the successful Irish jockey, Bernard "Ben" Dillon. Bernard Dillon was the third husband of the colourful music hall star, Marie Lloyd.

Willie's brother John was seriously wounded by shrapnel, and is shown seated in the front row, second from left. The photograph, provided by Clive R Dunn (a great nephew), was most likely taken at Horton War hospital, whilst John was convalescing. Note: The man seated far right has lost the lower part of his left leg.

William's Great War service record has not survived. However, his medal card tells us that he was awarded the 1915 Star, British War medal and the Victory medal, and that he went to France on 21 May 1915, with the 2nd Battalion Rifle Brigade. This Battalion was in the 25th Brigade, 8th Division, and fought in the third battle of Ypres, (known as the battle of Passchendaele) . On 16 August 1917 the Battalion were in trenches near Westhoek, and were to support the 1st Royal Irish Rifles and the 2nd Berkshire regiment, who were the main attacking battalions, across the Hanebeek stream. Twelve men from the 2nd Rifle Brigade lost their lives on 16 August 1917, including Willie who was killed in action. He has no known grave, and is commemorated at the Tyne Cot memorial.

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DUQUETTE Albert Noah, Private. 104208.

28th Battalion Canadian Infantry.
Died of Wounds 26 May 1917, aged 18.


Albert's inscription on the CWGC memorial Epsom.
Albert's inscription on the CWGC memorial Epsom.
Image courtesy of Clive Gilbert © 2016

Albert Noah Duquette, of French descent, was born on 21 May 1899 in Whitewood, Saskatchewan, Canada. His parents were Adrien Marthial and Adela Anataya Duquette.

The 1906 Canadian census records Albert's 36 year old father as head of the family. His mother was also aged 36. Albert was aged 6 and his six siblings were Emma aged 12, Maurice aged 10, Joseph aged 9, Lucy aged 4, Victor aged 3 and Jean (male) aged 1. Albert's sister Leonie was born in 1911.

Albert's 19 year old brother Maurice Benjamin Duquette attested on 24 August 1915 in Regina, naming his mother, Mrs A.M. Duquette, as his next-of-kin. Albert also attested on 24 August 1915 but in Whitewood, naming his father, A.M. Duquette, as his next-of-kin. Although only 16 years old, Albert stated his age as 19 years. He was 5 feet 9 inches tall, weighed 151 lbs and had a chest measurement of 35 inches with an expansion of 3 inches. He had a dark complexion, dark brown eyes, black hair, worked as a mechanic and he was a Roman Catholic.

The 1916 Canadian census records Albert, aged 17, as working as a chauffeur for a garage and living with his parents and siblings at Lalonde Street in Whitewood. His father was recorded as Edrien and was working as a retail merchant. Albert's mother was recorded as Ealad and his siblings as Emma aged 22, Maurice aged 20 (who was working as a bookkeeper in a law office), Joseph aged 18, Lucy aged 15, Victor aged 12, Jeanque aged 10 and Leonie aged 5.

Albert embarked from Halifax, Canada on 28 April 1916 aboard SS Olympic and disembarked in Liverpool on 8 May. He then went to France arriving at Havre on 29 June and joined the 28th Battalion on 30 July. In August he attended a course on the Lewis gun.

The 28th Battalion Canadian infantry fought in the Battle of Arras, which commenced on 9 April 1917, and saw the Canadian Army wining significant acclaim for their capture of the Vimy Ridge. The following is an extract from the War Diary:
THELUS. All Companies in position in Assembly Trenches at 3.35 a.m. Artillery opened up a few minutes before 5.30 a.m., when Infantry attack commenced. At 7.55 a.m. Battalion moved from Assembly Area to take up position on main ARRAS - LENS Road, North side of NEUVILLE ST VAAST - THELUS Road. At 9.35 Battalion advanced on RED Objective and captured same - consolidation commenced immediately. Enemy made feeble resistance. Objective gained with small loss 54 casualties being reported. Battalion Headquarters established in THELUS at 4.30 p.m.
On 9 April 1917 Albert received a bayonet wound to his left knee, and was admitted to No. 32 Stationary Hospital, Wimeraux the next day.

Albert was evacuated back to England and on 16 April 1917 he was admitted to Horton War Hospital, Epsom. Albert's knee had became infected and when opened was found to be full of pus. Albert never recovered, his condition worsened and on 26 May 1917 he died from septic pneumonia.

Albert was buried on 31 May 1917 in grave K245 in Epsom Cemetery where he is commemorated on the Screen Wall.

Albert's brother Maurice was also serving with the 28th Battalion. He received hand grenade wounds to his arm and chest and was taken prisoner. On 22 August 1917, whilst a prisoner at Feldlaz Oignies he died. He was originally buried at Oignies but after the war when the battlefields were cleared, he was exhumed and re-buried in Cabaret Rouge British Cemetery.

Albert's medals, Plaque, Scroll and Canadian Memorial Cross were sent to his parents in 1921.

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DYER, Oswald John, Lance Corporal. 645.

3/2 London Field Ambulance, Royal Army Medical Corps (RAMC).
Died 24 February 1917, aged 34.

Oswald's inscription on the CWGC memorial Epsom.
Oswald's inscription on the CWGC memorial Epsom.
Image courtesy of Clive Gilbert

Oswald John Dyer was born on 19 June 1883 in Battersea (GRO reference: Sept 1883 Wandsworth 1d 647), the only child of Lewis and Dinah Dyer, nee Holmes. His parents had married in 1880 in the Okehampton registration district in Devon.

On 9 March 1891, having attended infant school, Oswald started school at Belleville Road School in Wandsworth. When the 1891 census was taken nearly a month later on 5 April, Oswald and his mother Dinah were not at home with Oswald's father at 127 Salcott Road, Battersea. Oswald was aged 13 when he left school on Christmas Eve 1896.

On 14 March 1899 his name appeared in the London Gazette as Royal Mint: Boy, Oswald John Dyer.

Oswald and his parents were still living at 127 Salcott Road when the 1901 census was taken. His father was working as a Civil Service messenger while Oswald was working as a Coiner for the Royal Mint. Also living with the family were Oswald's cousins, Samuel D. Gough and Ralph M. Holmes, plus a boarder Stanley S. Snelgrove.

In 1907 Oswald's father died. Two years later on 21 August 1909, Oswald married 25 year old Elizabeth Pearce in St. Luke's church, Battersea.

The couple were living at 215 Links Road, Tooting, when the 1911 census was taken. They were both aged 27 and had not had any children. Oswald was working for H. M. Royal Mint as a "Coining Operative 2nd Class". Elizabeth's sister Amy Martha Pearce was also living with them. Oswald's widowed mother was still living at 127 Salcott Road.

Oswald enlisted in to the RAMC in Thornton Heath, Surrey and placed with the 2nd London Divisional Field Ambulance but was attached to the 3/2 London Field Ambulance when he became ill.

After being admitted to Horton War Hospital with appendicitis, Oswald died on 24 February 1917. Administration of his effects valued at £182 3s 8d was given to his widow Elizabeth. Oswald's last address was given as Woodville, Brunswick Road, Sutton.

The CWGC and RAMC record that Oswald was the husband of Elizabeth Dyer of "Oakdene," Fownes Road, Alcombe, Minehead, Somerset.

No service record for Oswald has been found, so presumably it did not survive the Blitz. Neither has a medal card been found, so Oswald did not see service overseas.

Oswald is remembered on the CWGC Screen Wall in Epsom Cemetery and is buried in grave K. 100.

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