|1.||Tubize & Hall|
JOHNSTONE - RESERVE
Davis & Farner
|2.||H. HALKETT ADAM|
52nd Light Infantry
|3.||Unit of 15th Hassars|
13th Light Dragoons
|6 a.m.||Units of Prussian Army on move towards the Waterloo battlefield|
|8.30 - 9||Wellington's army in position around Mont St. Jean Napoleon arrives at La Belle Alliance to examine positions|
|11.30||French attack Hougoument|
|12.30 -||12.30British Guardsmen repel French attack from Hougoument and reinforce the 1.15 garrison. Napoleon's artillery of 80 guns opens up at 1 p.m.|
|1.30 -||Grand Battery ceases fire for d'Erlon's cavalry to attack.|
|2.15||Household and Union Brigades charge d'Erlon's corps|
|2.15 -||Hougoument still defended.|
|3 p.m.||British cavalry repulse d'Erlon but continue charge into Grand Battery. Although inflicting casualties by sabring the gunners, the cavalry suffer very severe losses from French cavalry.|
|3 - 4||Buildings of Hougoument catch fire due to artillery attack. Kings German Legion still valiantly defending La Haie Sainte farm French Grand Battery opens up again Prussian Army units now approaching battlefield to right of French line Ney misinterprets movement behind Allied line for withdrawal and orders major cavalry assault|
|4 - 5||Wellington's infantry form square to repel repeated French cavalry attacks French attacks fail through attack by Allied Artillery and then infantry fire. Prussians now engaging Napoleon's right.French still attacking Hougoument and La Haie Sainte|
|5 - 6||French cavalry fail to break Allied squares although their artillery inflict some damage between assaults By 5.30 all Prussian IV Corps engaged against French|
|6 -||Hougoument still held by British against French in woods 7.30 and orchard.|
|6.30||By 6.30 Kings German Legion at La Haie Sainte run out of ammunition, having failed to be re-supplied, and abandon the position. Prussians are beating French obliging Napoleon to send reinforcements which he can't really spare.|
|6.30 -||With loss of La Haie Saine, Allied centre is in danger. French artillery still inflicting severe damage in this area. Whilst French forces manage to turn the tide on Prussians, they fight back and re-take the village of Plancenoit, obliging Napoleon to commit 2 battalions of the Old Guard (his bodyguard troops) to re-take it. At same time, further Prussian units link up with Wellington's eastern flank, strengthening his line.|
|7.30 - 8.30||Ney leads 8 battalions of the Imperial Guard against the Allied centre, across a battlefield now thoroughly churned p and thick with mud, where their slow advance causes terrible casualties from Allied artillery fire. British infantry then rise up and attack, unexpected by the Guard who break and flee back towards their lines. Cries of "La Guarde recule!" severely demoralise the French troops, as these are their crack units fleeing before the Allies.|
|8.30||French rout begins. Wellington signals general advance. Prussians assume responsibility for pursuing the fleeing French.|
"... When I looked out next morning I saw wounded men lying by the roadside. Then the doctors came, and took out the bullets from the wounds of the soldiers. Not far away soldiers were digging trenches in our fields to bury the dead. There were so many of them, so many of them," and the old peasant covered her face with her hands as though to shut out the terrible picture. "I saw one woman of Gotarville cut off the fingers of a Prussian officer, sorely hurt but still living, to secure the jewelled rings that he wore. No I did not see Napoleon and I still regret it. Poor Napoleon !"
"Elizabeth Gale sat by her mother's side shredding lint and helped some of the women to dress the wounded soldiers. She has a vivid recollection of several men dying in the camp and was frightened when her mother lifted a cloth which covered the face of one of them and she saw the dead open eyes apparently staring vacuously toward the battlefield."
[She] made her way through the woods, being curious to see what was going on. She was close to Hougement [sic] when the place was attacked by the French troops and remained in hiding for hours not daring to move. The cannonade having diminished she ventured towards the farm but fled horror-stricken at the sight - the ground as she expresses it, being like red mud, so drenched was it with blood. She ran away across the fields and hid. At dusk she saw a troop of cavalry, headed by a man of short stature mounted on a grey horse. He was riding slowly on as if in a dream, looking straight ahead and paying no heed to what went on about him. The girl learnt on the same evening that the rider was Napoleon."
Waterloo 1815 by Gregory Fremont Barnes ISBN 978 07524 6441 1 The History Press
Waterloo Four Days that Changed Europe's Destiny by Tim Clayton ISBN 978 0 349 12301 1 Abacus
Wellington The Iron Duke by Richard Holmes ISBN 13 978 0 00 713750 3 Harper Perennial
Waterloo A Guide to the Battlefield by David Howarth, Publisher Pitkin Guides
Also various Internet sites
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